A street in Nice during the curfew last April.



  • 17% of Ile-de-France residents have had a hard time with confinement, according to a study published by the Paris Region Institute.

  • Gender and age, housing, but also socio-professional criteria are all criteria that explain why this period was badly experienced by some of the Ile-de-France residents.

  • The curfew introduced from midnight Friday in Ile-de-France could affect the same categories of people.

No more romantic restaurants and bars with friends.

Bye bye nightly cinema sessions and football evenings.

This fall has, for Ile-de-France residents and the inhabitants of eight metropolises, a little air of spring: five months after the deconfinement, the government has just announced a curfew from 9 p.m. to 6 a.m. the next day.

If the purpose of the measure is to slow down the circulation of the virus and thus stem the second wave, it brings back bad memories to some.

According to a study * recently published by the Paris-Region Institute, 17% of Ile-de-France residents say they have had a hard time with confinement.

A relatively limited figure compared to the 83% who say they have come to terms with the situation but who hide strong inequalities.

Decryption with François Michelot, demographer at the origin of the study.

Is there a determining factor that made some people experience confinement less well than others?

The Covid, and this is nothing new, has exacerbated inequalities.

The study, for example, showed that women, and in particular those aged 18 to 49, experienced this period less well than men (18 against 15%).

We can easily imagine that their mental load, between school, household chores, teleworking, has greatly increased.

The most determining factor remains the socio-professional category.

Executives have experienced confinement twice as well as artisan traders or business leaders.

Quite simply because safety nets, in particular partial unemployment, are more developed for employees.

The independents, on the contrary, have seen their economic horizons darken.

In the spring, many Ile-de-France residents did not confine themselves to their homes.

Was the lack of space an important factor in how to approach this period?

Yes, but first of all we have to put the “exodus” of Parisians into perspective.

It is estimated that around 11% of Ile-de-France residents have not been confined at home, but in more than half of the cases it was local migration, in the same department or the same region.

These are, for example, students who have returned to their parents or young couples who have settled down together.

What is certain, however, is that habitat played a determining role in the perception of this period.

Half of Ile-de-France residents who did not experience confinement lived in housing where each person had less than 25 m².

Likewise, the impossibility of being able to isolate oneself in a room was an aggravating factor of the discomfort.

Conversely, those who had a garden experienced the confinement better than the others.

Five months after the deconfinement, the government announced a curfew in the most affected regions.

How is this measure perceived, according to you, among those who have had a bad experience during the two months in camera?

The rules are much more flexible than during confinement, this time it is not a question of being locked up at home.

However, the feeling of insecurity, especially from an economic and social point of view, caused by the confinement is still very present and these new announcements can be perceived as anxiety-provoking.

Those who have experienced the confinement the least well will probably be the same ones who will have difficulty with the curfew simply because there have been no major structural changes.

The socio-professional categories most affected - traders, business leaders, the unemployed….

- remain the same.

Likewise, the majority of Ile-de-France residents have not moved in the past six months.

The curfew affects young people more, who generally have a denser social and festive life.

However, in your study, we can clearly see that the latter had already experienced confinement less well than their elders ...

They are the ones who have the most to lose.

They are the most precarious, entering the labor market, already very complicated, is even more so, they often live in small apartments ... And now, their social life is severely restricted.

When we questioned the students just after confinement, 23% of them said they had a bad time, six points above the average and more than double that among retirees.

It will be interesting to see how they feel about these new restrictions which mainly target them.


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* Survey entrusted to Médiamétrie which questioned a sample of 3,028 individuals aged 18 to 75 representative of the population of Ile-de-France by department. 

  • Confinement

  • Coronavirus

  • Paris

  • Curfew

  • Covid 19