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October 07, 2020September 2020 was the hottest September on record for the world and Europe, as Arctic sea ice reaches its second lowest extent.
Data from the Copernicus Climate Change Service, the service for observing climate change of the
European Union's Copernicus
, say so.
The Copernicus scientists therefore report that globally September 2020 was 0.05 degrees warmer than September 2019, so far the warmest on record, making it the hottest September ever experienced by the world. till now.
In the 12 months from October 2019 to September 2020, the Earth's surface temperature was 1.3 degrees above pre-industrial levels, bringing the planet dangerously close to the 1.5 degree ceiling set by the Paris Agreement. on climate change.
Meanwhile, temperatures in the Siberian Arctic continue to be far above average and Arctic sea ice is at the second lowest level since the start of satellite surveys.
Global temperatures for September 2020 were higher than any previously recorded September.
Copernicus Climate Change Service (C3S) reanalysis data shows that the month was 0.63 degrees above the average September temperatures of the standard thirty-year climatological reference period (1981-2010).
This then makes September 2020 0.05 degrees warmer than September 2019 and 0.08 degrees warmer than September 2016, previously the warmest and the second warmest September.
🔴Another record breaking month according to the #Copernicus #ClimateChange Service @CopernicusECMWF!
September 2020 was the warmest September on record globally & in Europe, with 🌡️ well above average #Siberia, the Middle East & more!
For full report➡️https: //t.co/snytOkKleS pic.twitter.com/qtOOtqOOeC
- Copernicus EU (@CopernicusEU) October 7, 2020
Across Europe, September average temperatures also reached a record high, about 0.2 degrees higher than the previous warmest September, 2018. Much of the continent has seen above-average temperatures for September, especially southeastern Europe.
C3S also monitors sea ice on a monthly basis, data confirms that the average Arctic sea ice extent for September was the second lowest recorded, after September 2012. In the Arctic, sea ice extent has decreased significantly since 1979, since satellite observations began.
The trend is visible for all months of the year but especially in September, the time of the year when the ice cap reaches its annual minimum.
Due to climatic factors, the typical annual cycle of sea ice predicts a decrease from the beginning of spring until the end of summer, when it reaches the minimum extension of the year, usually in September, after which the sea ice begins to rise. until it reaches the maximum, a circumstance that typically occurs in March.
In the Siberian Arctic, temperatures continued to be warmer than the September average, continuing a warm period that has affected several parts of the vast region since early spring.
Although Siberia and the Arctic have large year-to-year temperature fluctuations, the relative heat observed this year has been unusual in magnitude and persistence, Copernicus scientists warn.
"In 2020, there was an unusually rapid decline in Arctic sea ice extent in June and July, in the same region where above-average temperatures were recorded, thus preconditioning the sea ice minimum so that it was particularly low this year, "explains Carlo Buontempo, director of the Copernicus Climate Change Service," the combination of record temperatures and low Arctic sea ice levels in 2020 underlines the importance of better and more comprehensive monitoring in a warming region faster than anywhere else in the world ".
The Copernicus Climate Change Service- C3S is implemented by the European Center for Medium-Term Weather Forecasts (Ecmwf) on behalf of the European Commission and monitors the global and European climate.