China News Service, October 6th. According to the official website of the Nobel Prize, on the 6th local time in Stockholm, Sweden, the 2020 Nobel Prize in Physics was announced. British scientist Roger Penrose has contributed to black hole research, German scientist Reinhard Genzel and American scientist Andrea Ghez shared this award for discovering the super-massive celestial body in the center of the Milky Way.
In Nobel's will, written in 1895, calling for the establishment of awards in five fields, physics was the first field he mentioned.
Nobel requires the physics prize to be awarded to "the person who made the most important discovery or invention in the field of physics."
In more than a hundred years of history, the Nobel Prize in Physics has many outstanding winners.
The status of the Nobel Prize winners in physics in the past ten years is as follows:
Winners of the 2019 Nobel Prize in Physics.
In 2019, the Nobel Prize in Physics was awarded to scientists in two fields. Among them, the Canadian-American scientist James Peebles was awarded the prize for his theoretical discoveries in the field of physical cosmology; and the Swiss scientist Michelle Mayor and Swiss scientist Didier Queiroz were awarded for "discovering exoplanets orbiting other sun-like stars".
In 2018, the Nobel Prize in Physics was awarded to American scientist Arthur Ashkin, French scientist Gérard Mouroux and Canadian scientist Donna Strickland in recognition of their breakthroughs in the field of laser physics contribution.
In 2017, Rainer Weiss, Barry Barris and Jeep Thorne won awards for gravitational wave detection research.
In 2016, British scientists David Solis, Duncan Haldane and Michael Costelitz won the award for their theoretical discovery of the topological phase transition and topological phase of matter.
Data map: Nobel Prize Medal.
In 2015, Japanese scientist Takasho Kajita and Canadian scientist Arthur Macdonald jointly won the Nobel Prize in Physics.
The two won this award for discovering neutrino oscillations, proving that neutrinos have mass.
In 2014, the winners of the Nobel Prize in Physics were Japanese scientist Yuki Akasaki, Japanese American scientist Shuji Nakamura, and Japanese scientist Hiroshi Amano.
They developed blue light-emitting diodes (LEDs) to make power-saving high-brightness lighting equipment possible, which greatly changed people's lives, and was highly praised for this.
In 2013, the Nobel Prize in Physics was awarded to the Belgian theoretical physicist François Engler and the British theoretical physicist Peter Higgs, the two of them for predicting the Higgs Bosch known as the "God Particle" Awarded for the existence of dice.
In 2012, the Nobel Prize in Physics was won by the French scientist Serge Aroche and the American scientist David Wiinland. The two physicists were awarded for the close relationship and interaction between light and matter in the field of quantum optics. Recognized for research on the role.
Data map: Nobel Prize Dinner.
In 2011, the Nobel Prize in Physics was awarded to the American astrophysicist Sal Polmat, the Australian physicist Brian Schmidt and the American scientist Adam Rees, commending them for "discovering the universe by observing distant supernovae." Accelerate expansion".
In 2010, the Nobel Prize in Physics was awarded to scientists Andre Heim and Konstantin Novoselov of the University of Manchester in recognition of their outstanding research in graphene materials.
Graphene is currently the thinnest material known, and it is widely believed that it will eventually replace silicon, which will trigger another revolution in the electronics industry.
In 2009, the Nobel Prize in Physics was awarded to British Chinese scientist Gao Kun and American scientists Willard Boyle and George Smith.
Gao Kun has made a breakthrough achievement in "the transmission of light in fiber for optical communication".
Boyle and Smith invented the semiconductor imaging device-charge coupled device (CCD) image sensor.