China News Service, September 24. Eight departments including the Ministry of Education issued the "Opinions on Further Stimulating the Vitality of Primary and Secondary Schools" (hereinafter referred to as the "Opinions"). The "Opinions" require all localities to establish a correct outlook on political performance and scientific education. In terms of quality, we must not unilaterally evaluate schools, principals and teachers based on the results of the high school and college entrance examinations or the rate of enrollment, and resolutely overcome the tendency of "progress only" and "only scores".
Take teacher ethics and education and teaching performance as an important basis for job promotion, improve performance salary incentives, improve school performance salary distribution methods, and favor first-line teachers and class teachers with outstanding educational and teaching performance; for senior professional titles and insist on working in the front line of teaching Retired teachers with outstanding teaching performance, especially rural teachers who have been working in difficult and remote areas for a long time, should increase honors and material rewards to promote outstanding teachers to teach for a long time and for life.
Data map: A teacher in a school in Qingyang City, Gansu Province is giving lessons to students.
Photo by China News Agency reporter Yu Jing
The "Opinions" pointed out that the autonomy of education and teaching is guaranteed.
Encourage and support schools to combine their local reality with their own characteristics and standards.
Strengthen the main responsibility of school curriculum implementation, strictly implement national curriculum plans and curriculum standards, and combine actual science to construct school-based curriculum based on the school's philosophy and characteristics.
On the basis of following the basic requirements of subject teaching, the school can independently arrange teaching plans, independently use teaching methods, independently organize research and training activities, and independently implement teaching evaluation; for learning content with strong inter-disciplinary relationships, it can independently implement interdisciplinary integration Sexual subject teaching.
At the same time, we must give full play to the main role of teachers in classroom teaching reform, encourage teachers to boldly innovate, improve education and teaching methods, carry out a variety of education and teaching activities, and actively explore education and teaching models that meet the characteristics of the subject, the requirements of the times and the law of student growth.
The "Opinions" require strict school rules and disciplines and ensure that schools and teachers strengthen the education and management of students in accordance with the law.
Vigorously streamline and strictly standardize all kinds of "campus" special education activities, and effectively eliminate interference with the normal school education and teaching order.
The "Opinions" require strengthening the guiding role of evaluation.
Establish and improve a school-running quality evaluation system oriented by the development of quality education, strengthen process and developmental evaluation, pay more attention to the actual effectiveness of the school in improving the school-running quality, and use it as an assessment of the school’s total performance salary and the implementation of assessment and recognition for principals and teachers An important basis for guiding and promoting the continuous improvement of the school to raise the level of running a school.
All localities must establish a correct view of political performance and a scientific view of education quality, and must not unilaterally evaluate schools, principals, and teachers based on the results of the high school and college entrance examination or the rate of enrollment, and resolutely overcome the tendency of "only advancement" and "only score".
The "Opinions" proposes to strengthen the incentive role within the school.
Schools must build a complete teacher incentive system to fully stimulate the education and work enthusiasm of teachers.
Pay attention to spiritual honor incentives, actively carry out selection activities such as excellent teachers, teaching experts, teacher ethics pacesetters and excellent teaching teams, fully demonstrate the outstanding performance of teachers; strengthen professional development incentives, encourage and guarantee teachers to participate in training, teaching research, academic research and other activities, Help teachers diagnose and improve education and teaching problems in a timely manner, improve education and teaching capabilities, and promote teacher professional growth.
Improve job promotion incentives, earnestly implement teacher job responsibilities, and take teacher ethics performance and education and teaching performance as an important basis for job promotion; improve performance wage incentives, improve school performance wage distribution methods, and prefer frontline teachers and class teachers with outstanding educational and teaching performance; Give prominence to care and encouragement, adhere to the combination of solving ideological and practical problems, strengthen ideological and political work and humanistic care, and enhance teachers' sense of professional honor and happiness.
The "Opinions" require the establishment of a sound school-running incentive mechanism, increase the promotion of outstanding principals and teachers, and increase the total performance wages mainly for the distribution of reward performance wages, and further increase the proportion of reward performance wages in the total performance wage , The approval time is inclined to schools that have achieved remarkable results in improving the quality of running schools; for teachers with senior professional titles, persisting in teaching front-line work to retirement and outstanding teaching performance, especially rural teachers who have worked in difficult and remote areas for a long time, we should increase honors and recognitions. Material rewards are used to promote outstanding teachers to teach for a long time and for life.
The "Opinions" emphasized the need to improve social supervision.
Establish and improve the school-running information disclosure system, focusing on disclosure of curriculum settings, teaching arrangements, enrollment, fees and standards, etc., to ensure that parents of students and the public have the right to know important matters of the school.
Establish a communication system between the school and the community, and promptly listen to the opinions and suggestions of the community, people's congress representatives, and members of the CPPCC on the work of the school.