The European Commission wants to "abolish" the "Dublin" regulation, which assigns responsibility for processing asylum applications to the country of first entry of migrants into the EU.
The reform proposal must however be accepted by the Member States.
The European Commission wants to "abolish" the "Dublin" regulation entrusting the responsibility for processing asylum applications to the country of first entry of migrants into the EU, said Wednesday the head of the European executive Ursula von der Leyen.
The Commission is due to present its long-awaited and repeatedly rejected proposal for the reform of European migration policy on 23 September, while the debate on the lack of solidarity between European countries was revived by the fire in the Moria camp on the Greek island. from Lesbos.
A proposal that must be accepted by the States
"At the heart (of the reform) is a commitment to a more European system," Ursula von der Leyen told the European Parliament.
"I can announce that we will abolish the Dublin regulation and replace it with a new European system of governance of migration", she continued.
"There will be common structures for asylum and return. And there will be a new strong mechanism of solidarity," she said, while the countries which are at the front line of arrival of migrants (Greece , Malta and Italy in particular) complain of having to face a disproportionate burden.
The Commission's reform proposal will still have to be accepted by the States.
Five years after the 2015 migration crisis, the issue of welcoming migrants is a subject that remains a source of deep divisions in Europe, with some Eastern countries refusing to accept asylum seekers.