Despite his being a person with special needs and despite the financial problems he suffers from, the condition of the Egyptian Abdul Nabi did not intercede for him at the localities, as he was on a date with imprisonment for the claim of building without a permit in one of the villages of the Gharbia Governorate, as his dreams of providing a home for his four children on the rock of an offense law were shattered. The building, which has become modern in the hour in Egypt recently.

Abd al-Nabi's dream ended overnight, and he became under threat of homelessness in the street under the pretext of violation, as the second floor of his house, whose area does not exceed 50 meters, was removed, due to the lack of conditions for reconciliation with his condition.

Abdo Shehata - a relative of Abd al-Nabi - says that the authorities did not take into account the man’s condition as he was poor and a former daily agricultural worker. He left the profession after suffering an amputation in his left hand during his work, explaining that the Egyptian authorities did not content with removing the roof of the house that he aspired to expand to marry his son Al-Akbar, but she also arrested him on the pretext of not having a building permit.

In his speech to Al-Jazeera Net, Shehata calls for taking into account simple people like Abdul Nabi, especially as the people of the villages suffer from poverty and are forced to build or expand their simple homes, and for this they spend all the debris they have in the world.

The law of reconciliation

Abd al-Nabi is not alone, as thousands face the risk of removing their homes in Egyptian villages, whose stories differ from one person to another, but the link between them is that they build as they used to without obtaining a building permit from the local authorities, a matter that was widespread in the countryside and the authorities turn a blind eye. about him.

But what people are most concerned about is their feeling that the state is demolishing to scare the rest in order to accelerate reconciliation and pay exorbitant sums, which means that the matter is closer to collecting money than to imposing order or law enforcement.

Law No. 17 of 2019 sets the price of the violating meter at a minimum of 50 pounds, and a maximum of two thousand pounds, which is determined according to the authority of the governorate and the nature of the building (the dollar is about 16 pounds).

Reconciliation may be made according to specific conditions, including, for example, the structural safety of the property, the lack of construction inside land owned by the state, and the construction not to be recent, so that it was completed before July 22, 2017, which is the last date for aerial filming of violations.

The volume of building violations in Egypt is estimated at about two million and 800 thousand buildings in violation, 1.7 million units in violation, and nearly 400 thousand residential homes in violation, with a total of 20 million units in violation, according to the spokesman for the Ministry of Local Development Dr. Khaled Qassem in media statements he made on July 18 / Last July.

The law aims to collect money from violators of the state treasury, and spend it on infrastructure projects at a rate of 39%, and the Social Housing Fund by 25%, and a rate not exceeding 1% to reward members of the committees.

The decisions implemented by the localities reflect the directives of Egyptian President Abdel Fattah El-Sisi not to tolerate the violators in construction, especially with his excitement last week on the air, and his threat to use the army to annihilate violations, before returning and using the term removal.

Accountability of the corrupt

Muhammad Ramadan - another victim who is threatened with the demolition of his house in one of the villages of Minya Governorate in Upper Egypt - says that he built his modest house on his land like many farmers because of the lack of an alternative from the state, although the Egyptian constitution stipulates the right to housing and a decent life, which it did not provide The state despite the population increase.

Speaking to Al-Jazeera Net, Ramadan asked, "Did I spend my money on a building that will be demolished later? Where is the local apparatus throughout the past period? Where are those responsible for holding local authorities accountable before bullying the simple farmer?"

Despite the complaints of the affected people, which were widely echoed on social media, and those concerned about the decisions to demolish their homes, the government’s comment was clear, as cabinet spokesman Nader Saad said that the mistake is due to the owner of the violating building, stressing that there is no compensation for the violators.

However, due to the escalation of public anger and the increase in tension in the Egyptian street - especially with the increase in prices - many governorates have tended to reduce reconciliation prices, and the government has announced reconciliation facilities that include installments for a period of 3 years.

Necessary actions

“The state’s interest in fighting illegal construction is a positive thing to eliminate the randomness of violations that burden the state, especially with regard to electricity, water, sanitation and gas, which are services that violators consume and benefit from illegally, which increases pressure on services.” This is how the local administration consultant Hamdi justifies Knowledge of governmental procedures.

Speaking to Al-Jazeera Net, Arafa stressed the need to apply the law in particular within villages in light of the random expansion of the agricultural area, which is the source of Egypt's food security.

Arafa considered that setting the date of September 30, the last date for reconciliation, needs to be reconsidered, in light of the high rates and the volume of violations, and in light of the high price determination of the meter. Reconciliation gives only a period of 3 years, which is not commensurate with the current economic conditions of citizens in light of the Coronavirus crisis, according to his opinion.

The local administration consultant continued that the citizen does not want to build a violation or not permit from the beginning, but the bureaucracy, difficulty and disruption of licensing procedures compel him to do so, instead of the absence of the state’s role during the post-January 25 revolution, which led to many violations in Building.

He pointed out that the multiplicity and length of procedures and the absence of a single window for dealing between the owner and the government increased the phenomenon, in addition to rampant corruption in localities.

He added that there is an absence of the role of engineering departments in recent years that are entrusted with constructing buildings and extracting licenses in the governorates, and even inspecting building permits, meaning that building a property becomes their responsibility in the first place.