03 September 2020From the new Unicef report, photography on the well-being of children in so-called rich countries.
From the data collected by the organization that deals with the protection and support of children on behalf of the UN, "Italy ranks 19th out of 38 countries as regards the general results on the well-being of children, only 34th out of 41 countries as regards it concerns the policies and conditions that generate well-being ", commented the president of Unicef Italy Francesco Samengo.
On the other hand, the Netherlands, Denmark and Norway achieve the best results according to Unicef.
According to report card 16 - a study launched today by the research center - suicides, unhappiness, obesity and poor social and academic skills have become all too common features among children in high-income countries.
The Netherlands, Denmark and Norway rank as the 3 best countries to be a child in among rich countries.
"Many of the richest countries in the world, which have the resources to ensure a beautiful childhood for all children, are failing," said Gunilla Olsson, director of UNICEF Innocenti.
In most countries, fewer than 4 out of 5 children feel satisfied with their life.
Turkey recorded the lowest level of satisfaction, at 53%, followed by Japan and the United Kingdom.
Lithuania has the highest rates of teenage suicide - a leading cause of death among children aged 15-19 in rich countries - followed by New Zealand and Estonia.
rates of obesity and overweight
among children have increased in recent years.
About 1 in 3 children in all countries are either obese or overweight, with rates in southern Europe rising rapidly.
In more than a quarter of rich countries, child mortality is still above 1 in 1,000.
40% of children in all OECD and EU countries do not have basic reading and math skills by the age of 15.
Children in Bulgaria, Romania and Chile are the least trained in these skills.
In Estonia, Ireland and Finland the best prepared.
In most countries, at least 1 in 5 children lack
confidence in their
to make new friends.
Children in Chile, Japan and Iceland are the least safe in this area.
The report shows that in most rich countries, fewer than 4 out of 5 children feel satisfied with their life.
is - painfully - one of the main causes of death among children aged 15-19.
In addition, in the countries surveyed, about 1 in 3 children in all countries surveyed are either obese or overweight, and in more than a quarter of rich countries, child mortality is still above 1 in 1,000.
On average, 40% of children in all OECD and EU countries - again according to the report - do not have
basic reading and math skills
by 15 years.
Before the outbreak of the covid19 health crisis, the relative poverty of children in the 41 countries was on average 20%.
"As regards mental health - explained Samengo - our country is 9th. Children with a high satisfaction with life at 15 in our country are 76%, compared to an average (in other countries ) of 75.7%, and the suicide rate is 2.5 per 100,000, compared to an average of 6.5 per 100,000.
Concerning physical health, children's overweight and obesity rates are of concern: l Italy ranks 31st, with 36.9% of people between 5 and 19 years old who are overweight or obese.
In terms of childhood skills, our country is 15th: 58.1% of 15 year olds have basic skills of reading and mathematics (compared to an overall average of 62.3%), while those who make friends easily are 79.3% (compared to an average of 75.5%). Among other data, they are 11% of teenagers between 15 and 19 years (compared to an average of 6%); 89% of children received the second dose of measles vaccine in 2018.
of air affects on
and conditions of minors.
The report shows an annual average concentration of pm2.5, Italy - he concludes - has a value equal to 16.8 micrograms per cubic meter, higher than the average (13.7 mpmc.) ".