Reporter Zhang Minyan
[During study] From August 28th to 29th, General Secretary Xi Jinping attended the 7th Central Tibet Work Forum and delivered an important speech. At the symposium, Xi Jinping comprehensively expounded the party's strategy for governing Tibet in the new era, and provided fundamental follow-up for the Tibet work in the new era. Xinhua News Agency's "Learning in Progress" original brand column "Workshop" published articles for your interpretation.
From August 28 to 29, the Seventh Central Committee on Tibet Work Conference was held in Beijing. General Secretary Xi Jinping attended the meeting and delivered an important speech.
In his speech, Xi Jinping comprehensively summarized the work achievements and experience since the Sixth Central Tibet Work Forum, deeply analyzed the current situation facing Tibet work, and explained the Party’s strategy for governing Tibet in the new era and the guiding ideology for Tibet work. Clarified the goals, tasks, guidelines, policies, and strategic measures of Tibet's work at present and in the future.
The important speech of the general secretary is very political, ideological, and theoretical. It is a programmatic document that guides Tibet work in the new era and provides a fundamental basis for doing well in Tibet work in the new era.
Administer Tibet, Stabilize Tibet and Rejuvenate Tibet——Persist in "Ten Musts" to Do Tibet Work Well
In his speech, Xi Jinping comprehensively summarized the work achievements since the Sixth Central Tibet Work Forum: "It has solved many long-term problems that have not been solved but have not been solved, and has achieved many major things that have been wanted but failed to be done in the past. Make all-round progress and historic achievements."
Xi Jinping pointed out that since the 18th National Congress of the Communist Party of China, the situation and tasks faced by Tibet work have undergone profound changes. We have deepened our understanding of the laws of Tibet work, summed up the successful experience of the party leading the people in governing and rejuvenating Tibet, and formed a new era party. The strategy of governing Tibet.
In the new era, Xi Jinping put forward the "ten must" on how to do the work in Tibet:
-Must uphold the leadership of the Communist Party of China, the socialist system with Chinese characteristics, and the system of regional ethnic autonomy;
——We must adhere to the strategic thinking of governing the country and governing the border, and stabilizing Tibet first;
-Maintaining the unification of the motherland and strengthening national unity must be the focus and focus of Tibet's work;
——We must adhere to the important principles of governing Tibet according to law, enriching the people and rejuvenating Tibet, building Tibet for a long time, uniting people's hearts, and laying a solid foundation;
——The overall domestic and international situation must be coordinated;
——Improving people's livelihood and uniting people's hearts must be taken as the starting point and goal of economic and social development;
——We must promote the exchanges and integration of all ethnic groups;
——We must adhere to the direction of the sinicization of religion in China and manage religious affairs in accordance with the law;
——We must insist on ecological protection first;
——We must strengthen party building, especially political building.
In August 2015, Xi Jinping systematically expounded the party's strategy for governing Tibet at the Sixth Central Tibet Work Symposium and put forward the "six musts". From the "six musts" to the "ten musts", the exposition of Tibet's strategy is more comprehensive and profound.
Clarify "focus" and "focus"-put forward six "requirements"
At this symposium, Xi Jinping pointed out that the work in Tibet must insist on maintaining the unity of the motherland and strengthening national unity as the focus and focus.
He put forward six "requirements":
- It is necessary to strengthen the education and guidance of the masses, extensively mobilize the masses to participate in the struggle against separatism, and form a copper and iron wall for maintaining stability.
—— In-depth education on the history of the Party, the history of New China, the history of reform and opening up, and the history of socialist development, and the history of the relationship between Tibet and the motherland should be carried out, and the people of all ethnic groups should be guided to establish a correct outlook on the country, history, nationality, and culture , Religious view.
——We must attach importance to strengthening ideological and political education in schools, put the spirit of patriotism throughout the entire process of school education at all levels and types, and bury the seeds of loving China in the depths of the hearts of every teenager.
-It is necessary to cultivate and practice the core values of socialism, and continuously strengthen the recognition of the people of all ethnic groups with the great motherland, the Chinese nation, Chinese culture, the Communist Party of China, and socialism with Chinese characteristics.
-It is necessary to dig out, sort out, and publicize the historical facts of the exchanges and exchanges of various ethnic groups in Tibet since ancient times, guide the people of all ethnic groups to see the direction and future of the nation, deeply realize that the Chinese nation is a community with a shared future, and promote exchanges and exchanges among all ethnic groups.
-Actively guide Tibetan Buddhism to adapt to the socialist society and promote the Sinicization of Tibetan Buddhism.
To govern the country, the border must be governed, and the border must be governed first to stabilize Tibet.
In June 2015, when Xi Jinping received the Panchen Erdeni Chökyi Jeb’s visit in Zhongnanhai, he said that he hoped that he would inherit the glorious tradition of patriotism and love of Tibetan Buddhism, have a heart for the motherland and the people, and unswervingly safeguard the unity of the motherland. And national unity.
In October 2017, Xi Jinping wrote back to sisters Zhuoga and Yangzong, herdsmen in Yumai Township, Longzi County, Tibet, saying that he hoped that they would continue to inherit the spirit of patriotism and guarding the border, and drive more herders to take root in the borders of the snowy areas like Gesanghua. Be the guardian of the sacred land and the builder of a happy home.
The focus and focus of Tibet’s work must be on maintaining the unification of the motherland and strengthening national unity. Xi Jinping’s requirements have always been the same.
Keep in mind the "starting point" and "end point"-five major deployments "improving people's livelihood and uniting people's hearts"
At this symposium, Xi Jinping once again emphasized that "improving people's livelihood and uniting people's hearts" must be the starting point and goal of economic and social development. In response, he made five deployments:
——To implement the new development concept, focus on the problem of unbalanced and insufficient development, take the optimization of the development pattern as the entry point, support the construction of elements and facilities, and ensure the system and mechanism, make overall planning, categorized policies, and precise efforts to accelerate progress High-quality development.
——We must work harder to consolidate the results of poverty alleviation, think of more methods, and provide more follow-up assistance and support, and effectively connect with rural revitalization, especially the transportation facilities, medical treatment, school, and social security that are closely related to daily life. cover.
—— Promote the construction of a number of major infrastructure and public service facilities around the Sichuan-Tibet railway construction and other projects, and build more solidarity lines and happiness roads.
-It is necessary to cultivate the ability to support employment, provide more employment opportunities, and promote employment in the multi-channel market.
-It is necessary to cultivate more talents in shortage of science, engineering, agriculture and medicine, focus on economic and social development and future market demand, run vocational education, set up disciplines scientifically, improve the level and level, and cultivate more practical talents with professional skills.
Xi Jinping always cares about the people's livelihood in Tibet.
Since the 18th National Congress of the Communist Party of China, whether discussing with representatives of the People’s Congress from Tibet, meeting people from all walks of life in Tibet, or communicating with people of all ethnic groups in Tibet, Xi Jinping has been very concerned about the production and life of people in the snow-covered plateau: “Natural gas is used for heating. Is it?" "Is the road to Medog now accessible?" "The days of the folks will definitely pass by!"...
At this symposium, Xi Jinping condensed his concern for people's livelihood in Tibet into a tangible economic and social development plan.
Build a firm "ecological security barrier"-guard the "four essentials" of life, vegetation, waters and mountains
The Qinghai-Tibet Plateau is the roof of the world, the Asian water tower, and an important ecological security barrier and strategic resource reserve base for China.
At this symposium, Xi Jinping emphasized that the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau should be built into a highland of ecological civilization in the country and even in the world. He put forward four "requirements":
——We must firmly establish the concept that green water and green mountains are golden mountains and silver mountains, adhere to the attitude of being responsible for history, people, and the world, put the construction of ecological civilization in a more prominent position, and protect the life, vegetation, and mountains of the plateau. Build the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau into a highland of national and international ecological civilization.
-It is necessary to further advance the scientific investigation of the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau, reveal the mechanism of environmental changes, accurately grasp the impact of global climate change and human activities on the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau, and study and put forward systematic plans and engineering measures for protection, restoration, and governance.
——Compensation methods must be improved to promote the integration of ecological protection and the improvement of people's livelihood, to better mobilize the polarities of all parties, and form a virtuous cycle long-term mechanism for building a good ecology and sharing a good life.
——Strengthen the construction of border areas and adopt special support policies to help border people improve their production and living conditions and solve their worries.
Xi Jinping has always been very concerned about ecological protection in Tibet.
In 2015, at the seminar of the first phase of the county party committee secretary seminar of the Central Party School, the general secretary had a dialogue with the secretary of the county party committee of Shuanghu County of Tibet Autonomous Region and exhorted Tibetan cadres: “Tibet must protect the ecology and keep the Chinese water tower well. Sesame lost the watermelon, and the ecological problems did not pay off." In just a few minutes, Xi Jinping asked many times about the situation in Tibet and Shuanghu, urging to protect the local ecology.
At this symposium, Xi Jinping emphasized that protecting the ecology of the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau is the greatest contribution to the survival and development of the Chinese nation.
Carry forward the "Old Tibet Spirit"-Two Measures to Strengthen Party Building
Facing the new situation and new tasks, Xi Jinping called for strengthening party building, especially political building. Xi Jinping pointed out that the majority of cadres, especially Tibetan cadres, should carry forward the "old Tibetan spirit". They should not lack the spirit of lack of oxygen, are not afraid of hardships, and have higher altitudes. They should constantly enhance their sense of responsibility, mission, ability, and style in their work.
Xi Jinping proposed two measures to strengthen party building:
——We must promote strict management of the party and strengthen party governance, comprehensively strengthen the construction of leading groups, cadres, and grassroots organizations at all levels, and ensure that party organizations at all levels and the majority of party members and cadres can lead the masses of all ethnic groups to cope with the trials of storms and overcome the challenges. A strong political force that is facing difficulties and challenges and serving the people wholeheartedly.
——Strengthen the party’s political construction, insist on arming the minds of party members and cadres with socialist thoughts with Chinese characteristics in the new era, deepen the educational achievements on the theme of “Don’t forget the original aspiration, keep in mind the mission”, strictly observe political discipline and rules, and increase the construction of party style and clean government We will improve the intensity of anti-corruption efforts, improve the ability of party organizations, party members, and cadres at all levels to deal with major struggles and prevent major risks, and create a clean political environment.
"For a long time, generations of Communist Party members have abandoned what ordinary people have and what ordinary people enjoy, rooted in the snow-covered plateau, and are determined to work hard." Xi Jinping once said.
Xi Jinping fully affirmed the dedication and sacrifice of the majority of party members and cadres in the snow-covered plateau, and requested all aspects of policy support to resolve their worries. At this symposium, Xi Jinping emphasized that it is necessary to care for Tibetan cadres and employees and continuously improve their health.
"Ensure national security and long-term stability, ensure the continuous improvement of people's living standards, ensure a good ecological environment, ensure the consolidation of border defenses and border security, and strive to build a united, prosperous, civilized, harmonious and beautiful socialist modern new Tibet." What Xi Jinping did at this symposium The important speech further pointed out the direction for promoting the long-term stability and high-quality development of Tibet in the new era.