Xinhua News Agency, Beijing, August 14 - Title: shine a light ecological civilization, beautiful China - is written in gold and silver mines lies to the idea put forward 15 anniversary
Xinhua News Agency reporters Dong Jun, Wang Junlu, Gao Jing, Hu Lu
Yucun in the midsummer is full of greenery, and there are many tourists, giving the beautiful scenery of the south of the Yangtze River.
On August 15, 2005, in this ordinary small mountain village in northern Zhejiang, Comrade Xi Jinping, then secretary of the Zhejiang Provincial Party Committee, put forward an important conclusion-green water and green mountains are golden and silver mountains.
15 years of green development practice vividly interpret the profound connotation of this argument. Nowadays, the concept that green waters and green mountains are golden mountains and silver mountains has become the consensus and action of the whole party and society. A green picture of the new era is being spread out in beautiful China!
Aerial view of Yu Village, Tianhuangping Town, Anji County, Zhejiang Province (taken on March 31, UAV photo). Photo by Xinhua News Agency reporter Xu Yu
Ecological protection is the development of productive forces-the concept of "two mountains" guides China's economic and social green transformation
In Yucun Chunlin Villa, the owner, Pan Chunlin, has been busy every day recently-to prepare enough local dishes for the endless stream of tourists: dried bamboo shoots, local chicken, bacon... Basically, they are the specialty of the village.
"I used to be a tractor driver in a quarry. After the mine was closed, I opened the earliest homestay in the village. Not to mention the increase in income dozens of times. Opening the door is a green mountain full of eyes, which makes people feel comfortable." Recalling the past , He was proud that he "eat crabs" to set up a bed and breakfast very early, but also very pleased that the village closed the mines back then.
Yucun is located in Tianhuangping Town, Anji County, Huzhou City, Zhejiang Province. Before 2005, there were cement factories and quarries everywhere, and the sky was full of dust and charming eyes. Today, Yucun has become a popular 4A-level scenic spot. The old site of the demolished cement factory was transformed into a colorful pastoral after reclamation. More than 500 acres of land circulating in the village became rape fields and lotus root ponds, which can be enjoyed in all seasons.
Spring scenery in Yu Village, Tianhuangping Town, Anji County, Zhejiang Province (photographed on March 31). Photo by Xinhua News Agency reporter Xu Yu
More than 4 months ago, Pan Chunlin met General Secretary Xi Jinping who revisited Yu Village. After 15 years, General Secretary Xi Jinping once again profoundly pointed out here: “Facts have proved that economic development cannot be at the cost of destroying the ecology. The ecology itself is the economy, and protecting the ecology is the development of productivity.”
Many cadres and the masses still remember clearly that Comrade Xi Jinping visited Yucun 15 years ago. When he learned of the village's practice of closing mining areas and taking the road of green development, he spoke highly of it and said: "It is a smart move to resolve to shut down the mine."
In Yucun, Comrade Xi Jinping made the first important conclusion that green waters and green mountains are golden mountains and silver mountains. In his subsequent "Zhijiang New Language" column, "Green Waters and Green Mountains are also Golden Mountains and Silver Mountains", he explained: "We pursue harmony between man and nature, and harmony between economy and society. Qingshan, we want gold and silver mountains."
Aerial view of Qiandao Lake, Chun'an County, Zhejiang Province (taken on July 18, 2018, UAV photo). Photo by Xinhua News Agency reporter Xu Yu
The green waters and green mountains are the golden mountains and silver mountains. These short 10 words shining through General Secretary Xi Jinping’s profound thinking on the relationship between ecological environmental protection and economic development——
"Protecting the ecological environment means protecting productivity, and improving the ecological environment means developing productivity."
"A good ecology itself contains infinite economic value, which can continuously create comprehensive benefits and achieve sustainable economic and social development."
"In the final analysis, the success or failure of ecological environment protection depends on the economic structure and economic development mode."
Since the 18th National Congress of the Communist Party of China, the mountains and rivers of the motherland have witnessed General Secretary Xi Jinping's heart for the sustainable development of the Chinese nation.
Looking at the mountains, General Secretary Xi Jinping came to the depths of the Qinling Mountains to observe the natural ecology, and urged the locals to be good Qinling ecological guards; went to the Qilian Mountains to inspect the ecological environment restoration results, and asked for the Qilian Mountains to be green and green; overlooking the towering Helan Mountains, he proposed to resolutely protect Helan Mountain ecology.
Looking at the water, the two General Secretary Xi Jinping went to the Yangtze River Basin to investigate and presided over a symposium, and promoted that “to protect and not engage in large-scale development” became the consensus of the provinces and cities along the Yangtze River; he was concerned about the Yellow River, and he visited the banks of the Yellow River continuously for a month In the two provinces of Gansu and Henan, promoting the ecological protection and high-quality development of the Yellow River Basin has become a major national strategy.
Lakeside landscape belt of Qiandao Lake in Chun'an County, Zhejiang Province (photographed on July 18, 2018). Photo by Xinhua News Agency reporter Xu Yu
Aershan forest area in Inner Mongolia, Erhai Lake in Yunnan, Heixiazi Island in Heilongjiang, and Fenhe in Shanxi...
The footprints of General Secretary Xi Jinping are printed on the land of the motherland, and he has personally and continuously promoted the construction of a beautiful China, declaring the firm will of the Party Central Committee with Comrade Xi Jinping at the core to promote the construction of ecological civilization.
The 18th National Congress of the Communist Party of China incorporated the construction of ecological civilization into the overall layout of the "five in one"; the 19th National Congress of the Party further listed the "Pollution Prevention and Control Battle" as one of the three major battles to decisively win the comprehensive construction of a well-off society. "Enhancing the consciousness that green water and green mountains are golden mountains and silver mountains" and other contents are written into the party constitution, which is very important for the whole party to more consciously and firmly implement the party's basic theories, basic lines, and basic strategies, and to coordinate the promotion of the "five in one" overall layout. Important role.
General Secretary Xi Jinping profoundly pointed out that protecting the ecological environment must rely on the system and the rule of law.
In recent years, laws such as the Environmental Protection Law, Environmental Protection Tax Law, Air Pollution Prevention and Control Law, Water Pollution Prevention and Control Law, and Soil Pollution Prevention and Control Law have become more complete. More than 40 reform plans related to the construction of ecological civilization have been issued one after another, especially the establishment of the central ecological and environmental protection inspection system, allowing the concept of ecological priority and green development to take root. The level of modernization of the ecological environment governance system and governance capabilities has been continuously improved.
Aerial view of Wetland Park in Fenkou Town, Qiandao Lake, Chun'an County, Zhejiang Province (taken on April 3, 2018, drone photo). Photo by Xinhua News Agency reporter Xu Yu
Since 2012, when the country’s first cross-provincial ecological compensation mechanism pilot was launched in the Xin’an River Basin, ecological compensation mechanisms have been developed in Gansu, Chongqing, and Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei regions. Good landscape and ecology have become "valuable treasure". Not long ago, China’s first national investment fund in the field of ecological environment, the National Green Development Fund with a total scale of 88.5 billion yuan, was formally established, adding a new wing to the economic policy system for ecological environmental protection, such as green finance and green credit. Policies have become more abundant, constantly stimulating the endogenous motivation of enterprises to control pollution.
Green water and green mountains are the golden mountains and silver mountains. This is not only the way for Yucun to change, but also a successful experience of China's economic optimization. From the small village leader's mention of provincial practice, to becoming an important part of the new development concept that guides the direction of the entire country, today, this concept is leading profound changes in China's vast land.
Aerial view of the rape blossom sea on the top of Black Mountain in Shangwang Village, Xindeng Town, Fuyang District, Hangzhou City, Zhejiang Province (taken on March 25, drone photo). Photo by Xinhua News Agency reporter Xu Yu
People will live up to the green hills, and the green hills will live up to the people——Take practical actions to promote China firmly on the path of ecological civilization
Fuchun River flows through Tonglu and Fuyang counties in central Zhejiang. The scenery on both sides of the bank is beautiful, the river is clear and blue, and the houses are dotted with it. The beautiful scenery has been famous since ancient times. However, there was once a "landmark" in Fuyang District: three 120-meter-high chimneys lined up on the riverside-this is a landmark building of a thermal power plant.
Fuyang is the "Hometown of Papermaking". More than 20 years ago, three paper industry parks emerged one after another. A paper mill owner said: “When the benefits are good, paper making is like printing money.” Thermal power plants are built to meet the heat demand of the local paper industry.
The pockets are bulging, but people's quality of life is greatly compromised by environmental pollution. In Dayuan Town, where there were more than 40 paper mills at one time, villagers recalled that more than a decade ago, the river was black and smelly, and fish and shrimp disappeared. In summer, villages along the river are even more foul, and old people have to migrate to their children's homes in other places like migratory birds.
"Going the old way, consuming resources, and polluting the environment, is unsustainable!" After the 18th National Congress of the Communist Party of China, General Secretary Xi Jinping issued a warning when he went to a foreign country for the first time.
At that time, the environmental problems accumulated after decades of rapid development entered a stage of high intensity and frequent occurrence. "This is not only a major economic issue, but also a major social and political issue." In April 2013, at the 18th Politburo Standing Committee meeting, General Secretary Xi Jinping clearly requested that relevant parties must take a focused, strong, and Effective environmental remediation actions also require top-level design in this regard.
More than 4 months later, the "Ten Atmosphere"-"Air Pollution Prevention and Control Action Plan" was released. China became the world's first developing country to carry out PM2.5 governance on a large scale.
In 2015, the "Water Ten Measures"-"Water Pollution Prevention and Control Action Plan" was released.
In 2016, the "Ten Articles of Soil"-"Soil Pollution Prevention and Control Action Plan" was released.
A large developing country with a population of 1.4 billion has launched a general attack on pollution with the courage of a strong man. General Secretary Xi Jinping cheered for it-"We must grit our teeth, climb this slope, and cross this hurdle."
Aerial view of the newly built resettlement house in Dongziguan Village, Changkou Town, Fuyang District, Hangzhou City, Zhejiang Province, with white walls and black tiles (photographed by drone on February 17, 2017). Photo by Xinhua News Agency reporter Xu Yu
In order to make the blue sky reappear, Hebei opened an operation to the family that had accumulated for many years. "The blast furnace is demolished, just like one of my own arms has been amputated." said the boss of a private steel factory in Wu'an, a major iron and steel county, "but it keeps on, and I am afraid that my entire life will not be saved!" Since 2013, the province has been reduced in total. The iron and steel production capacity exceeded 150 million tons, a large amount of glass, coal, cement and other production capacities were withdrawn, and hundreds of enterprises were relocated from the city.
In order to keep the green hills forever, Xia Chunting of Weihai, Shandong led his employees to "repair mountains", pull soil backfill, build tunnels, restore vegetation, and build ponds and dams in the most severely exploited areas, which lasted more than ten years. The mine that was all over the place in the past has become a scenic spot of China City. When General Secretary Xi Jinping inspected the ecological restoration projects here in 2018, he affirmed the practice of promoting cultural tourism development through ecological restoration and driving the employment of surrounding villagers to get rich.
Beautiful and clean Xinjian Village, Dinghai District, Zhoushan City, Zhejiang Province (photographed on August 3). Photo by Xinhua News Agency reporter Xu Yu
In order to make the blue water rippling, Shenzhen, a special economic zone, started a tough battle to improve water quality. Huang Yaotang, a 73-year-old resident, recalled that the former Maozhou River was "blacker than ink and thicker than oil." Since 2016, Shenzhen has used embroidery techniques to promote rain and sewage diversion and source treatment. Residents have discovered that "the Maozhou River has become clear and beautiful, and egrets fly by from time to time." Today, the local area bids farewell to scattered pollution and embraces high-tech. The Quanzhi Science and Technology Innovation Park by the river has more than 180 technology companies stationed in it, with an annual output value of 8 billion yuan.
On the banks of the Fuchun River, Fuyang also made up its mind to implement multiple rounds of paper industry rectification and retire more than 1,000 papermaking and related companies. The thermal power plant has also completed its historical mission. The chimney, dubbed by the locals as "three fragrances", was demolished in October last year.
Nowadays in Fuyang, on the old site after the retreat and transformation of the old industry, a new city of Fuchun Bay that has attracted a group of high-tech enterprises is rising. The picture of Fuchun Mountain dwelling in the new era is being drawn.
Tourists play in the sea of rape blossoms at the top of the Black Mountain in Shangwang Village, Xindeng Town, Fuyang District, Hangzhou City, Zhejiang Province (photographed on March 25). Photo by Xinhua News Agency reporter Xu Yu
Abandoning the old road of first pollution and then governance and exploring new roads for green development is a difficult challenge for an enterprise and a city, and it is a hurdle that must be crossed for the Chinese economy.
We are steadily surpassing this barrier. Since the 18th National Congress of the Communist Party of China, the quality of my country's ecological environment has improved significantly, and economic development and ecological environmental protection have become more coordinated. Last year's GDP approached 100 trillion yuan, ranking second in the world.
What is even more gratifying is that on the basis of effectively responding to the impact of the new crown pneumonia epidemic, China's economy achieved a growth rate of 3.2% in the second quarter of this year, taking the lead in realizing the recovery of growth among the world's major economies. China's foresight and determination in adhering to green development have played an exemplary role in the recovery and development of the global economy after the epidemic.
Aerial view of the floating plank road beside Dingshan Lake in Tangqi Town, Yuhang District, Hangzhou City, Zhejiang Province (taken on August 7, 2019, UAV photo). Photo by Xinhua News Agency reporter Xu Yu
To leave a home with blue sky, green ground and clear water for future generations-striding forward to a new realm in the harmonious coexistence of man and nature
The beginning of autumn is over, and a good harvest is in sight. In the field of Quanyangou Village, Lishu County, Jilin Province, the endless corn has just formed ears, which is the key farming time for yield. Zhang Wendi, a large grain grower, is busy with field management.
"Take effective measures to effectively protect and use the black land, the'giant panda in the cultivated land,' so that it will always benefit the people." Just in the past July, General Secretary Xi Jinping made a clear statement on the protection of the black land during his inspection here. Claim. Zhang Wendi was very excited: "Food is the foundation of the country. The black soil is the foundation of our food farmers."
Zhang Wendi contracted 420 hectares of corn land. In recent years, with the help of agricultural technicians, he applied no-tillage technology. In autumn, he covered corn stalks and returned to the field, and used a no-tillage planter for direct seeding in the next spring, which not only reduced soil erosion by wind and water, but also increased soil organic matter content. The problem of ground failure caused by decades of overuse has begun to change. Zhang Wendi smiled and said: "This year's corn is growing well!"
Lishu is about 700 kilometers north, and the old appearance of Yichun City in Heilongjiang has also changed.
Located in the hinterland of Xiaoxing'anling, it used to be a single tree. After the commercial logging of natural forests was completely stopped, this forest city explored the transformation to an ecologically livable city, and forest tourism became a new economic engine.
4 million hectares of forests, 400,000 hectares of wetlands, more than 700 rivers, and more than 20,000 negative oxygen ions per cubic centimeter of air... The good ecological environment makes Yichun a popular tourist "punch-in place" and keeps the green The people of Shuijingshan ate ecological rice and lived a good life.
On August 3, tourists visited the scenic spot in Xinjian Village, Dinghai District, Zhoushan City, Zhejiang Province. Photo by Xinhua News Agency reporter Xu Yu
Promoting the formation of green development methods and lifestyles is a profound revolution in the outlook on development.
Looking across the country, as the construction of ecological civilization advances, the shortcomings of the ecological environment are making up, and the ice of the institutions and systems that hinder green development is melting.
—— A series of major ecological projects such as the Three-North Shelterbelt, natural forest protection, and returning farmland to forests and grasses have been further advanced. Since the 18th National Congress of the Communist Party of China, about 780 million mu of afforestation have been completed nationwide, ecological dividends have continued to emerge, and the green landscape has continued to expand.
—— The establishment of a protected area system with national parks as the main body has been accelerated, and the pilot work of the national park system has achieved initial results in straightening out the management system and strengthening ecological protection and restoration.
——The river chief system and the lake chief system have been established in an all-round way. Each river and lake has its own guardian, and a large number of non-governmental river chiefs and lake chiefs actively take up posts...
In Zhushan Village, Longshan Street, Changxing County, Zhejiang Province, cleaning staff conduct daily river care inspections (photo taken on April 9, drone photo). Photo by Xinhua News Agency reporter Xu Yu
Green hills are always there and green water flows. Everyone has a mother river in their hearts, and General Secretary Xi Jinping always cares about the mother river of the Chinese nation. He warned in earnest: "Protecting the Mother River is related to the great rejuvenation and sustainable development of the Chinese nation."
General Secretary Xi Jinping prescribed a prescription for the Yangtze River Economic Belt-"Together with major protection, not to engage in major development", to blaze a new path of ecological priority and green development; and to guide the Yellow River-to adhere to comprehensive management of landscapes, forests, fields, lakes and grasses, Systematic governance, source governance, coordinate and promote various tasks, strengthen coordination, and promote high-quality development of the Yellow River Basin.
The river is rushing and mighty. Nowadays, the disease of the Yangtze River is gradually disappearing, the finless porpoise appears frequently, and the fish is shallow. The provinces along the Yellow River have also made strides towards a broader road of development. People from the north and south are watering and nurturing a common green home with sweat.
Aerial view of Dongyang Garden Village, Zhejiang Province (taken on June 27, 2018, drone photo). Photo by Xinhua News Agency reporter Xu Yu
Voluntary tree planting by the whole people is in full swing, and forms such as "Internet + voluntary tree planting" continue to innovate. Young parents took their children to plant saplings by themselves, sowing the green on the ground and in the hearts of the children. In Beijing, Shanghai and other places, garbage sorting has become a new trend for people to catch up; more and more people choose to share bicycles for travel, and their own shopping bags hanging on their shoulders when shopping have become a popular color.
Beautiful ecology, beautiful economy, and beautiful life. China firmly follows the path of green development and the achievements of building an ecological civilization, contributing Chinese wisdom to global sustainable development.
For the last three consecutive years, the United Nations Environment Programme has awarded the "Guardians of the Earth" to the builders of Saihanba Forest Farm in China, the "Thousand Village Demonstration and Ten Thousand Village Renovation" project in Zhejiang Province, and the "Ant Forest" project, reflecting the international community’s contribution to China. The widespread recognition of the practice of ecological civilization demonstrates China's role in protecting the global ecological environment.
Night view of Huayuan Village in Dongyang, Zhejiang (taken on June 28, 2018, drone photo). Photo by Xinhua News Agency reporter Xu Yu
"'Green water and green mountains are golden mountains and silver mountains' beautifully expounds the concept of harmonious coexistence between man and nature." Inge Annoson, executive director of the United Nations Environment Programme, said that the world should work with China to adhere to green and sustainable development. Road, determined to improve the environment.
Under the guidance of Xi Jinping's thoughts on ecological civilization, 1.4 billion Chinese people are advancing the construction of a beautiful China with the spirit of long-term contribution, and caring for a beautiful home with blue sky, green ground and clear water for future generations!