Chinanews.com, Beijing, August 10 (Li Jingze and Liang Xiaohui) A report submitted by the NPC Standing Committee's Law Enforcement Inspection Team on the 10th to the NPC Standing Committee for deliberation shows that in 2019, 28 colleges and universities across the country recruited agricultural machinery and equipment masters, a total of There are less than 700 people, and the enrollment ratio of agricultural machinery graduates to undergraduates is only 0.1%. It is estimated that by 2025, the shortage of agricultural machinery professionals in China will reach 440,000.
This report is the report of the law enforcement inspection team on the inspection of the implementation of the "PRC Agricultural Mechanization Promotion Law". It is reported that this law enforcement inspection is the first inspection since the 2004 Agricultural Mechanization Promotion Law (hereinafter referred to as the "Agricultural Mechanization Promotion Law") was promulgated and implemented.
According to reports, in 2019, China had 201 million sets of agricultural machinery and equipment, and the total power of agricultural machinery reached 1.03 billion kilowatts, which was an increase of 60% over 2004; the national comprehensive mechanization rate of crop cultivation and harvesting reached 70%, nearly an increase from 2004 36 percentage points, of which the comprehensive mechanization rate of wheat, rice, and corn farming and harvesting reached 96%, 84%, and 89%, respectively, which basically realized mechanized production; the area of mechanical cultivation, mechanical sowing, and mechanical harvesting of crops reached 4.82 billion mu, compared with 2004 Increased 2.74 billion mu times.
Since the implementation of the Agricultural Mechanization Promotion Law, scientific research and innovation capabilities have also been steadily improved. The report shows that China has established 4 national engineering technology research centers, 2 national key laboratories, and 1 modern agricultural equipment subject group in the field of agricultural machinery, and invested 1.6 billion yuan (RMB) in the national major science and technology plan to implement 59 agricultural machinery research projects , Independently developed more than 700 new high-performance, intelligent agricultural machinery and equipment products.
From an overall point of view, the report believes that the Agricultural Mechanization Promotion Law is a good law that conforms to China's national conditions and agricultural conditions, promotes machinery and strengthens agriculture, and is supported by the general public. However, the implementation of the Agricultural Mechanization Promotion Law still faces many problems.
For example, weak scientific and technological innovation ability is to highlight shortcomings. Among them, the cultivation of agricultural mechanization professionals as an important part of strengthening the basic research of agricultural machinery still needs to be continuously promoted. According to the report, there is currently no Chinese university among the top 20 agricultural equipment disciplines in the world, and only two agricultural engineering disciplines out of China's 465 national first-class disciplines have been selected.
In 2019, 28 colleges and universities across the country recruited agricultural machinery and equipment masters, with a total of less than 700. The ratio of agricultural machinery graduates to undergraduates was only 0.1%, and the talent gap is expected to reach 440,000 by 2025. There is a shortage of compound talents in the industry who not only master mechatronics technology, but also understand information and intelligence.
In this regard, the report proposes to plan the layout of agricultural machinery scientific and technological innovation from a national strategic height, strengthen the position of agricultural machinery manufacturing enterprises as the mainstay of scientific and technological innovation, and optimize agricultural machinery scientific and technological innovation guidance and encourage policies to be improved. (Finish)