Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region is located in the northwestern inland of my country. The Liupan Mountain and Helan Mountain stand at the north and south ends respectively. The southern part of Ningxia is the arid and drier Loess Plateau, and the northern part is surrounded by three deserts at the same time. The Yellow River that passes through gave birth to the prosperous "Shangjiangnan".
In the course of decades of continuous struggle, there is such a story about the “poverty alleviation cooperation between the eastern and western provinces”, which has been passed on by word of mouth.
In 1996, my country determined that 13 more developed provinces and cities in the east and 10 provinces and regions in the west were "paired" for assistance. It was Ningxia who "paired" in Fujian. Xi Jinping, then the deputy secretary of the Fujian Provincial Party Committee, served as the leader of the Fujian counterpart assistance to Ningxia leading group, focusing on the work of Minning counterpart poverty alleviation cooperation.
In the loess hilly area of southern Ningxia, there used to be an "unsuitable area for human habitation", commonly known as "Xihaigu", which was composed of several impoverished counties such as Xiji, Haiyuan and Guyuan.
In 1997, Xi Jinping led a team to Xihaigu for the first time, and was deeply shocked by the poverty of local people who were surrounded by families, lacking food and clothing.
After that inspection, Xi Jinping made up his mind to promote counterpart assistance between Fujian and Ningxia. With the support of Fujian’s aid funds, Xihai has drilled wells and built water cellars to allow people to use clean water; replaced slopes with terraces, developed the potato industry, and boosted the people’s labor income; and relocated poor people in Xihaigu where they are not suitable for living. To build a new homeland in the desert land to be developed in the Yinchuan Hetao Plain...
Xi Jinping personally named the immigrant village "Minning Village".
Xi Jinping once said: "Minning Village is now a dry beach, and it will be a golden beach in the future."
Over the years, Fujian and Ningxia have worked hard after another. Since the 18th National Congress of the Communist Party of China, with the help of Fujian’s capital, technology and talents, combined with local characteristics, the development of characteristic industries such as grapes, wolfberry and breeding, Minning Village has been on the "fast lane" to get rid of poverty and gradually developed into Fujian. Ningzhen. Today, Minning Town has developed a number of characteristic industries such as planting, breeding, labor services, photovoltaics, and tourism, with more than 66,000 permanent residents. In 2019, the per capita disposable income of the town was 13,970 yuan, and the incidence of poverty dropped to 0.197%.
The dry beaches of the past have truly transformed into prosperous "golden beaches". The "Minning Model" has gradually become a successful model for the coordinated development of my country's east and west.
Regional coordinated development has always been rooted in the mind of General Secretary Xi Jinping. How to make the "short board" of the underdeveloped areas? He once wrote an article specifically about this matter, and cited the famous "barrel theory" in economics to discuss——
"The water capacity of a wooden bucket does not depend on the longest board in the wooden bucket, but on the shortest board."
In the view of General Secretary Xi Jinping, whether or not to achieve a well-off society in an all-round way and gradually build a modern socialist country requires not only the accelerated development of developed regions, but also the leap-forward development of underdeveloped regions. Developed regions should give full play to their advantages and try their best to help underdeveloped regions. Speed up development.
From June 8th to 10th, 2020, General Secretary Xi Jinping visited Ningxia.
In the field of geography in our country, there is a well-known geographical dividing line of population-"Hu Huanyong Line".
From northeast to southwest, the "Hu Huanyong Line" runs through my country's vast land of more than 9.6 million square kilometers. Taking this as a boundary, the dense population in the southeast and the sparse population in the northwest directly reflect the problem of uncoordinated regional development in my country.
How to better promote coordinated regional development? This is a major event in General Secretary Xi Jinping's mind.
After in-depth investigation and investigation, extensive discussion and research, the general secretary proposed a new development concept of innovation, coordination, greenness, openness and sharing. Among them, coordinated development is the key to victory.
In December 2012, after the 18th National Congress of the Communist Party of China, General Secretary Xi Jinping came to Guangdong for the first time after leaving Beijing for inspection. He hoped that Guangdong will join hands with Hong Kong and Macau to create a more comprehensively competitive world-class city cluster; in October 2018, the General Secretary came again When I went to Guangdong, I emphasized that the construction of the Guangdong-Hong Kong-Macao Greater Bay Area should be regarded as a big opportunity and a big issue for Guangdong's reform and opening up, and it should be done well.
In February 2014, when listening to a special report on the coordinated development of Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei, General Secretary Xi Jinping pointed out that the coordinated development of Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei is of great significance. The understanding of this issue should be raised to the national strategic level, and specific arrangements for the coordinated development of Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei .
In January 2016 and April 2018, General Secretary Xi Jinping hosted two symposiums on promoting the development of the Yangtze River Economic Belt, emphasizing that we must start from the overall perspective, establish a "game of chess" thinking, and put our own development into the overall situation of coordinated development.
In July 2016, General Secretary Xi Jinping hosted a symposium on poverty alleviation cooperation between the East and the West in Yinchuan. He pointed out that the east-west cooperation in poverty alleviation and counterpart assistance is a grand strategy to promote coordinated, coordinated and common development of the region. At the same time, it is emphasized that the poverty alleviation cooperation and counterpart support between the east and the west must be sustained for a long time.
In November 2018, Xi Jinping delivered a keynote speech at the opening ceremony of the first China International Import Expo and announced that he would support the regional integrated development of the Yangtze River Delta and be upgraded to a national strategy, focusing on implementing new development concepts.
The coordinated development of Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei, the development of the Yangtze River Economic Belt, the integrated development of the Yangtze River Delta, the construction of the Guangdong-Hong Kong-Macao Greater Bay Area, the joint construction of the "One Belt and One Road", the ecological protection and high-quality development of the Yellow River Basin...
Since the 18th National Congress of the Communist Party of China, facing the new characteristics of China’s central cities and urban agglomerations becoming the main spatial forms that carry development factors, General Secretary Xi Jinping has focused on coordinated regional development and put forward a series of major national strategies to promote a more balanced economy and society in China. , Towards a higher quality direction.
In 2021, my country is about to start implementing the "14th Five-Year Plan". The "14th Five-Year Plan" period is the first five years that my country has embarked on a new journey of comprehensively building a modern socialist country.
In the new five years, under the guidance of the new development concept, my country's regional economic layout will be gradually improved, and new steps will be taken in regional coordinated development.
(China Central Radio and Television Station CCTV Network)