Värmland District Court stands for the first, and so far only, verdict against a black traffic school. A man from Karlstad was sentenced to one and a half years in prison for a serious accounting offense. The business had then been going on for seven years.

The black traffic schools mean that legal and serious traffic schools are finding it increasingly difficult to get around financially. But there is also another threat. In 2018, a legal traffic school in Malmö was subjected to a bombing, something that Stefan Lundberg suspects can be linked to other, black traffic schools.

- We have seen that they are criminal networks, they deal with all kinds of crime that you can make money on. It's so much money to make on this, he says.

Aimed at new arrivals

More and more people are being caught trying to cheat on a driving license and they often take the help of black driving schools. According to the Swedish Transport Administration, most caught cheaters do not have Swedish as their mother tongue. However, not everyone who practices driving at black traffic schools is a cheater, but Stefan Lundberg confirms the image that the black driving schools are aimed at new arrivals.

- When new arrivals come here, then a driver's license can be good if you want a job. From some of the home countries, people are used to being able to buy a driving license. The word goes from mouth to mouth, from countryman to countryman, he says and continues:

- The new arrivals have varying insights, some do not understand that this is black. Others enter it with open eyes.

More awareness

Stefan Lundberg believes that so far only one person has been convicted may be due to the problem not being prioritized. But as it has increased, the issue has received more attention. For the past three years, the Swedish Transport Administration, the Swedish Tax Agency, the Swedish Transport Agency, the Swedish Environmental Crime Agency and the Police have been working together to tackle illegal activities.

- There is a completely different awareness of the problem now. But the risk of discovery is not so enormous. The cases we see do not reflect our assessment that it is widespread, says Stefan Lundsberg.