On Wednesday, Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi will lay the foundation stone for a Hindu temple erected on the ruins of the 16th-century Babri Mosque in northern India and destroyed by Hindu militants 30 years ago.
The new Hindu temple was built a century after a dispute over it and according to a court ruling issued in favor of Hindus following the victory of the BJP in the last elections.
He also decided to allocate an alternative plot of land for Muslims to rebuild the historic mosque, which was destroyed by Hindu militants.
The body responsible for building the temple said that preparations are continuing for Modi's visit to the temple, which is being built to glorify the Hindu King / Lord Ram in the northern town of Ayodhya.
A well-informed source said that an official announcement regarding the visit will be issued today, Tuesday.
The Babri Mosque is located in Ayodhya, in the northern Indian state of Uttar Pradesh, on the Hindu holy Ramako Plateau.
Various sources indicate that the mosque dates back to the 16th century, and was built by the Mughal Muslim Emperor, Dhahiruddin Muhammad Babur.
Many Hindus claim that the Babri Mosque was built on the ruins of a temple at the birthplace of Ram or Rama, which they considered a god, and they claim that the Mughal Muslim Emperor demolished their temple in 1528 to build the mosque.
Based on these allegations, Hindus made repeated attacks on the mosque, which ended in its complete demolition. On December 22, 1949, a Hindu group attacked the mosque and placed idols, forcing the police to place it under guard and close it to being the subject of a dispute.
On November 3, 1984, former Prime Minister Rajiv Gandhi allowed Hindus to lay a foundation stone for a Hindu temple in the square of the Babri Mosque, and a court ruling followed that permitted the opening of the doors of the mosque to Hindus, and the building of their devotional rituals in it.
Demolition and blood
Attacks continued when Hindu fanatics demolished the Babri Mosque on December 6, 1992, fueling tensions between Hindus and the Indian Muslim minority, and widespread riots, leaving more than 2,000 dead, most of them Muslims.
The demolition of the mosque was a "black day" for Muslims, and these sectarian confrontations were considered the fiercest in India since its independence in 1947.
After the demolition process, conflict began between Muslims and Hindus over the mosque's land spanning an area of 25 hectares, and in 2010 an Indian court issued a decision to divide the site of the Babri Mosque into three sections, a third of the site for Muslims, and two thirds for different Hindu groups, a ruling in which groups appealed Islamic.
Judiciary and Politics
Muslims have since been calling for the mosque to be rebuilt, while Hindus continued to demand the building of a temple on the site, as part of a campaign by Hindu groups linked to the ruling Bharatiya Janata Party.
As a result, a committee was established to investigate the matter, which was called Lieberhan, and it held more than four thousand hearings to consider the case.
The Bharatiya Janata Party confirms its commitment to building the temple in the mosque’s place, and in December 2000, former Prime Minister Atal Bihari Vajpayee expressed support for the demands of Hindu extremists to build a temple for them over the ruins of the mosque they demolished, which sparked a wave of condemnation of his statement.
The party took advantage of this issue to attract the votes of Hindus in its favor in the electoral elections.
In November 2010, a leaked government report to Parliament accused Hindu opposition leaders of playing a role in the destruction of the Babri Mosque, stating that the leaders of Bharatiya Janata played a role in planning to destroy the mosque, and among the names mentioned in the report is Vajpayee.
The case entered a new stage on May 30, 2017, when a court formally charged the co-founder of the ruling party, LK Advani and other leaders, including a woman, with criminal conspiracy to demolish the mosque.
The Lucknow City Court filed the charges against Advani - a former deputy prime minister, along with 11 other leaders, including Murli Manohar Joshi, Uma Bharti and Kalyan Singh of the Hindu Nationalist Party.
Last November, the Indian Supreme Court ruled to hand over the historical land of the Hindu Babri Mosque for the construction of a temple on it, in exchange for giving Muslims an alternative land of two hectares, to build a mosque on it, in Ayodhya district, Uttar Pradesh state.