China-Singapore Online Online, July 11 (Reporter Chen Jing) After years of follow-up research and data analysis of many pregnant women and their children in many places in China, Xinhua Hospital affiliated to Shanghai Jiaotong University School of Medicine officially released "Thousand Days Early in Life" Plan" (hereinafter referred to as "Thousand Day Plan") a number of latest research results.
The researchers found that in the past 10 years, Chinese 0-2 year old boys averaged 0.3 cm tall and weighed 0.25 kg; 0-2 year old girls averaged 0.5 cm tall and weighed 0.34 kg, which are higher than the World Health Organization. standard. Researchers predict that the average adult height of Chinese children will exceed the average height of their parents.
The researchers proposed the best growth pattern for babies who were too small at birth and too big at birth. For cesarean section babies, the researchers also found that breastfeeding can reduce the risk of childhood allergic diseases such as asthma, allergic rhinitis and childhood obesity.
It is reported that in the 1,000 days from the fertilized egg to the two-year-old infant, the individual has basically completed the early life development programming, but any adverse factors inside and outside the uterus may affect its healthy development. Sun Kun, the president of Xinhua Hospital and the head of the Qiantian Project, told reporters: "The translation of'seeing the old at the age of three' translates into a modern expression, that is, early in life determines a person's future."
The hospital plans to follow up again when the children are 10 years old. Photo courtesy of Xinhua Hospital
Xinhua Hospital told reporters that the "Thousand Day Project" project hopes to use systematic scientific methods to confirm the impact of early life on humans suffering from a variety of diseases, and write "instructions" for Chinese children. Xinhua Hospital and its affiliated hospitals in multiple locations have established a cohort of developmental-derived diseases in early life.
According to Professor Zhang Jun, Chief Scientist of Xinhua Hospital’s “Thousand-Day Plan”, Director of Xinhua Hospital’s Ministry of Environment and Child Health Education and Shanghai Key Laboratory, “Thousand-Day Plan” aims to continuously track and collect complete data on children’s growth. The data will provide strong evidence for us to find possible harmful factors in early life, establish normal standards, and make appropriate interventions in a timely manner."
Today, the "Thousand Day Plan" project is embedded in the entire medical process. Every expectant mother who joins the "Thousand Day Plan" has a specific label and has a unique barcode; once delivery, the nurse in the delivery room can immediately learn from the system that cord blood will be left behind. In addition, the researchers will follow up in time during the first and third trimesters of pregnancy, childbirth, and multiple time points after childbirth.
Sun Kun told reporters that in the "Thousand-Day Plan", researchers have worked hard to discover various adverse factors that affect the growth and development of fetuses and children, including genetics, nutrition, psychology, and lifestyle, and establish normal growth patterns for infants and young children; Post-birth interventions for babies with poor growth or birth defects, while reducing sequelae, reduce the risk of chronic diseases in adults.
As the saying goes, "insufficient intrauterine supplementation", babies who grow poorly in their mother's stomach must be caught up after birth. However, more supplements are likely to cause childhood obesity; less supplements will cause stunting, which has always troubled pediatricians. Research shows that for full-term babies younger than gestational age, in the first few months, the weight or body length ratio rapidly increases to about the 30th percentile level, and then moderately catches up afterwards. At the age of 7, it reaches the level of the 50th percentile, or best to catch up with the growth trajectory.
According to reports, so far, more than 16,000 pregnant women have been compiled on the "Thousand Day Plan" platform. Sun Kun revealed that more research results will continue to emerge in the coming years and decades, and try to explore the secrets of life programming. He said: "I believe that Chinese children's "instructions" will be written more and more rich." (End)