China News Agency, Beijing, July 7 (Reporter Ma Jiajia Liu Xu) After a delay of nearly a month, the National College Entrance Examination of China will begin on the 7th in 2020. Under the "epidemic" world, the heavyweight exams represented by the college entrance examination have been affected to varying degrees in various countries. "Extended", "cancelled" and "make-up exams" have become the key words for candidates from all countries.

On June 30, local time, in Belgrade, Serbia, students took the university entrance exam in the Expo Hall.

Exam extensions minimize the risk of infection

  Affected by the new crown epidemic, Egypt's college entrance examination was postponed until June 21st. In order to reduce the risk of infection, some subjects that are not counted in the final college entrance examination results are not concentrated in the examination room, and students can receive answer sheets to answer online. In addition, students can voluntarily choose to take the exam this year or postpone it to next year. Normally, the college entrance examination in Egypt requires nearly 20 courses, which lasts about three weeks, and is usually taken in early June.

  The South Korean official announced in March this year that due to the impact of the new coronary pneumonia epidemic, the 2020 Korean University Proficiency Test (Korea "Gao Kao"), which was originally scheduled to be held on November 19, will be postponed for 2 weeks to December 3, and the results will also be in Notice on December 23 after 20 days. The Korean University Proficiency Test is usually held in mid-November every year. This is the fourth time that South Korea has postponed the examination time since implementing the current college entrance examination system in 1993. Earlier, South Korea had postponed the college entrance examination due to the APEC summit held in 2005, the G20 summit held in 2010, and the earthquake in the southeastern region in 2017.

  The 2020 Russian National Unified Examination (All-Russian "College Examination") will be postponed until June 29. Russian President Vladimir Putin pointed out that this year's national "high school entrance examination" is mandatory only for high school graduates who plan to enter the university. The school will help these candidates to prepare for the test remotely. Graduates who do not intend to advance to university will not have to take the exam. And no matter whether they take the college entrance examination or not, this year's fresh graduates will receive high school diplomas before June 15. It is understood that the all-Russian "gaokao" is both a high school graduation exam for Russian students and a university entrance exam. The time is generally from May, and one or several subjects are taken every few days until June.

Data map: The German high school holds a graduation exam, and the interval between each candidate is widened as an example.

Examination cancelled, government gave green light for graduation qualification

  Affected by the continuous fermentation of the new crown epidemic, the British Prime Minister Boris Johnson announced the closure of the school on March 18 and canceled many important examinations such as the A-level, which was originally scheduled for May and June. In this regard, Johnson explained: "It will ensure that the progress of students’ learning will not be hindered. The British government will take fair measures to ensure that students get the required qualifications and will not delay students’ graduation." The British Minister of Education also Said: "Confirm that you will not continue any exams and will not publish the transcripts for this school year. We will work closely with other institutions to help children obtain the required certificates."

  The Swedish Higher Education Authority decided on March 13 to cancel the spring college entrance examination originally scheduled for April. Candidates can only wait for the next exam opportunity this fall. This is the first time Sweden has cancelled the college entrance examination since 1977.

  The National Unified Examination hosted by the Japan University Admission Test Center has been held on January 18th and 19th. But unlike China, Japanese high school students have to face a second checkpoint before entering university, that is, to participate in the "individual academic aptitude test" independently held by each university, mainly to examine professional knowledge and expertise. In response to this epidemic, some prestigious schools, including the University of Tokyo and Kyoto University, said that candidates with new symptoms of pneumonia were not allowed to take the test, and there was no supplementary test. Some national universities have changed the admission rules. For example, Saga University of Japan previously announced that if there are confirmed candidates who cannot take the second exam, the national unified examination written test results and application materials will be used as the basis for review. Some colleges and universities said that they will set up make-up exams for infected candidates.

Strict protection and multiple measures to ensure the safe conduct of the "National Examination"

  According to the Egyptian Ministry of the Interior, 33 million masks, 7 million pairs of gloves, 6,000 bottles of hand disinfectant and about 17,000 thermometers have been provided to candidates and related staff for the safety of the college entrance examination under the epidemic situation. All candidates, teachers, supervisors, etc. are required to wear protective equipment such as masks and gloves when entering the examination room. Hand disinfection is required before entering. The number of candidates in each classroom has also been reduced from 22 to 14 and the distance between the seats is two meters.

  In order to ensure the safety of candidates, the Ministry of Science and Higher Education of Russia has formulated the requirements for the national "college entrance examination" under the epidemic situation.

  In order to prevent and control the epidemic, the Turkish government announced that it will implement a "foot ban" throughout the country from June 27 to 28 during the "College Entrance Examination", but during this period, candidates and parents are not restricted by the ban. The relevant Turkish authorities also stipulate that the examination room provides masks and disinfectants to the candidates at the entrance. Candidates can also bring their own masks, disinfectants and protective masks. Candidates can take off their masks during the exam. Invigilator teachers need to wear masks throughout. Candidates who have been diagnosed with New Coronary Pneumonia arrange a separate examination room to take the exam.

  From June 21st, about 250,000 candidates in Syria began the college entrance examination. In order to ensure the smooth progress of the examination during the epidemic, the Syrian Ministry of Education has adopted anti-epidemic measures such as disinfecting the examination room and maintaining a safe distance between the candidates' seats.

  Italy's 2020 college entrance examination announced the cancellation of all written tests. Candidates only need to take turns to enter the examination room for a 1-hour oral exam. Students waiting for the test outside the test room must wear masks and maintain a safe distance of two meters from each other. The mask can be removed during the oral exam, but students still need to keep a distance of at least two meters from the examiner. (Finish)