- Direct: latest news from coronavirus
- Selectividad.A access to the university primate in the Canary Islands, Andalusia and Asturias: high marks of Bachillerato and the tail in PISA and in the race
- Back to the classrooms. Manuel Castells rectifies his protocol of return to the university a day after spreading it
The university students who leave the faculty with their Medicine , Optics , Pharmacy or Engineering degree get jobs in tune with their studies and acceptable salaries. Those who graduate in Tourism , Fine Arts , Geography , Protocol or Communication find it difficult to find employment and, if they succeed, they have much lower wages in low-quantification positions.
Of the students who graduated in Tourism in 2014, only 19% were hired in 2018 in an occupation that required a university degree. The rest either did not have a job or were in jobs below their training. Their average contribution base was 22,220 euros a year (compared to 34,347 euros for a medical degree). And only 66% were affiliated with Social Security, a percentage that, in the case of Fine Arts graduates, drops to 50% and, for Medicine graduates, it is more than 90%.
The data comes from the U-Ranking 2020 that the Valencian Institute for Economic Research (Ivie) and the BBVA Foundation have released this Tuesday. In addition to the traditional classification that evaluates the performance of Spanish universities (headed by Pompeu Fabra and Carlos III ), this year is added an analysis of the job placement of careers and areas of knowledge.
Five degrees in Health Sciences are at the top of a list that is completed up to the 15th position with Engineering studies. The data refers to the labor situation existing in 2018, but the authors argue that, after the coronavirus, these same branches "could now see their employment opportunities reinforced as a result of the greater demands related to health and the acceleration of processes digitization that are being observed ».
The work concludes that private universities do better than public universities in employability: their graduates have a rate of affiliation to Social Security l 5.4 percentage points higher (76% vs. 71%) and their Average annual contribution bases are 3,547 euros higher (25,628 euros per year compared to 29,175). They also have a higher percentage of recruits who require a higher degree (73% vs. 58%). Why?
The authors respond that the families of private graduates "have a higher social extraction" and in these institutions "the networks of former students work better" that multiply job opportunities. In addition, "campuses are concentrated in more prosperous geographic areas" and, while public ones are focused on research, private ones "orient their offerings in a way that connects more with job opportunities." They give "more personalized attention" to their students and concentrate the offer on "more employable titles, by not assuming the role of public service of attending to all branches of knowledge".
Francisco Pérez , Director of Research at the Ivie and responsible for the work, speaks of "inertia" that leads public universities "to offer degrees that have always been offered, such as Classical Languages, Philosophy or Fine Arts".
“Public universities cater more to all kinds of degrees. This happens because, when configuring its offer, the specialization and interests of its teaching staff weighs more in aspects such as the transmission of culture, education in values of critical citizenship and the preservation of material and immaterial heritage than an analysis of opportunities. it will offer the job market to students once they graduate, ”says the job.
Is this "inertia" sustainable from an economic point of view? Should public universities take more account of employability when designing their offer? "Inertia has a certain cost. Insofar as it reflects a lack of perception, there is a risk," says Pérez. "Public universities must make their decisions with all the information they have. If, along with inertia, there is a lack of attention to the information that universities must handle and students must know, we have a problem."
The University of Navarra is the one with the highest employability in Health Sciences courses, according to this ranking. The dean of the Faculty of Medicine, Secundino Fernández , explains that its differentiating element is "trying to get students to apply their knowledge from the first day" and that the classes are "dynamic and participatory".
His students, for example, organize their own medical conferences. "They are the ones in charge of bringing the guests, organizing the presentations and even getting the financing," he says. In addition, they do internships in hospitals from the third year (starting next year, it will be from the first year) and are "very attentive to what the current health systems demand."
Training closely linked to the needs of the labor market is also the key to the success of the University of Mondragón , which stands out above the others in Engineering. Its graduates in this field have an unemployment rate of 3%.
Carlos García , director of the Higher Polytechnic School of Engineering of this university, says that what distinguishes them is "being located close to companies", "being fast" and "promoting dual models that combine the practical with the theoretical". Their students spend two or three days a week at work and the rest of the time in class. Almost 40% of them stay to work in the same place where they have done the internship. "It is the most important employment channel," he says.
The study by the Ivie-BBVA Foundation also evaluates the performance of the different autonomous communities. The highest performing university systems are, according to this study, that of Catalonia (18% above the average) followed by Cantabria (14%), Navarra (6%), the Valencian Community , La Rioja and Madrid . Below the Spanish average, and at the bottom of the list, are Castilla-La Mancha , Extremadura and the Canary Islands . Between the first and the last there are almost 40 points of difference.
According to the criteria of The Trust ProjectKnow more
- Isabel Celaá
- Manuel Castells
Education Manuel Castells rectifies his protocol of return to the university a day after spreading it
EducationCastells proposes a different return to classrooms than Celaá, with rotating shifts so that some students are on campus and others at home
EducationAn access to the university prized in the Canary Islands, Andalusia and Asturias: high marks for Bachillerato and queue in PISA and in the degree program
See links of interest
- League calendar
- Crystal Palace - Burnley
- Getafe - Real Sociedad