Observers in Iran saw that the exchange of prisoners between Washington and Tehran - in light of hostile speeches issued by both sides - is important to relieve congestion, while others considered that the visit of a former American diplomat to Tehran is the tip of the iceberg.

After the friction between the Iranian navy and its American counterpart was about to turn into a conflict in the Gulf waters about a month ago, the exchange of prisoners between the two countries brought back the problem of duplication in relations between the two sides, according to observers in Iran.

And while both US and Iranian officials have fought conflicts on Twitter during the past two years, the Iranian government has surprised public opinion by renewing its willingness to exchange prisoners with the American side without preconditions, which made US President Donald Trump thank Iran and sees the prisoner exchange as an indication that reaching an agreement "It is possible."

However, the international affairs adviser to the Iranian parliament’s president, Hossein Amir Abdullahian, said that his country “knows the truth of the terrorist leader of the White House well,” adding in a tweet on Twitter that “Trump cannot issue a terrorist order to liquidate Qasim Soleimani on the one hand and ask to negotiate with the republic Islamic on the other hand. "

Vent decongestant

While Iranian Foreign Minister Mohammad Javad Zarif reminded only Trump of his withdrawal from the nuclear agreement and urged him to return to it, the secretary of the Expediency Diagnostic Complex Mohsen Rezaei considered that negotiating with the American administration was a "deadly poison".

For his part, Professor of Middle Eastern Studies at Tehran University, Hassan Ahmadian, believes that negotiations over the prisoner exchange started two years ago between the Iranian and American sides, attributing the reason for the secrecy that surrounded the process to their keenness to cut the road on those who want to thwart it.

Shane Bauer, a former prisoner in Iran, on charges of espionage after his release in 2011 (Reuters-Archive)

Speaking to Al-Jazeera Net, Ahmadinejad described the exchange of prisoners in light of the bickering and hostile speeches issued by Washington and Tehran, as "an important matter to relieve congestion, but it does not constitute a significant indication of a change in the already tense relations between the two sides."

He pointed out that the American and Iranian sides are working to accomplish small deals, such as exchanging prisoners, because they are convinced of the difficulty of reaching a major deal.

He explained that the strategic decisions in Iran are drawn in the Supreme National Security Council, and there is no expectation of clashes between the new parliament and the Rouhani government regarding dealing with Washington.

Real tension

He concluded that confrontation will be the most prominent title in relations between Iran and America during the coming period, based on the latter's conviction that the policy of maximum pressure will compel the first to conclude a major deal with it, which Tehran rejects, explaining that the Iranian and American governments are going through transitional conditions that cannot be allowed for them to move forward. In making noticeable changes.

On the other hand, the former head of the National Security and Foreign Policy Committee in the Iranian parliament, Heshmatullah Bishalh Bishah, believes that despite Tehran's move from a humanitarian standpoint to exchange prisoners, Trump is taking advantage of her good intentions to record an achievement in his record of his heavy failures in the fight against the Corona virus, protests against racism and increasing unemployment.

He told Al-Jazeera Net that the tension between Washington and Tehran is real, and there are no bilateral negotiations behind the scenes between the two sides, except for some intermediary channels, adding that their chances of returning to the negotiating table even before the next American presidency are almost non-existent.

And he considered that the American president suffers from major internal crises, and that he desperately needs to make a deal with Tehran, and this is shown through his affection for Iran on Twitter, stressing that he does not exclude Trump to take steps that meet Iran's conditions, especially in his return to the nuclear agreement and write off sanctions to raise His chances in the 2020 elections.


For his part, the former director of the Arab Center for Iranian Studies, Muhammad Salih Sidqian, said that the new in the Iranian-American tension file is Washington's response to the Iranian offer regarding the exchange of prisoners due to the circumstances left by the Corona pandemic.

In his speech to Al-Jazeera Net, he added that he began to feel a softness that is taking shape in the American speech towards Iran, pointing out that the visit of former American diplomat Bill Regardson to Tehran several months ago constitutes the summit of the iceberg, adding that Trump needs an external card to help him in the upcoming presidential elections.

He considered that sitting by the Iranian and American sides at the negotiating table "is possible in the current circumstances in the event the US administration abolishes the sanctions imposed on Iran," explaining that Tehran will not negotiate and the sword of sanctions is under its neck.

Sedqian concluded that if Trump wins the next elections, he will have a very difficult journey ahead of the fallout of Corona and his decline in popularity, and he will still need to win the Iranian card that he will seek to win in his second term.

Tensions between Iran and the United States returned after President Trump withdrew in 2018 from the nuclear agreement and re-imposed severe sanctions on Tehran, but the tense relations between them reached the brink of military confrontation after the assassination of the commander of the Quds Force in the Revolutionary Guards, General Qassem Soleimani, with a US strike in Baghdad.