Talent is the most active and active element in innovation activities. my country has more than 170 million highly educated or possessing various types of professional skills. The rich human resources contain great potential and vitality. Therefore, we must further deepen the reform of the system and mechanism, form a talent structure that meets the needs of high-quality development and the construction of an innovative country, and transform China’s human capital from scale expansion to quality improvement. Let the “demographic dividend” overlap the “talent dividend” to provide The high-quality development provides strong intellectual support.
Achievements are made by merit, and karmic merit is broad.
Talent is the first resource and the most active and active element in innovation activities. It can be said that without talent advantages, there can be no industrial advantages, let alone innovation advantages and technological advantages.
my country has more than 170 million highly educated or possessing various professional skills, and a large-scale human resources team plays a unique and irreplaceable role in economic and social development. Especially as China's economy moves towards a stage of high-quality development, this role is particularly prominent.
In the current and future period, how can we make better use of the advantages of the scale of human resources, stimulate the huge potential of human resources, and make human resources further become the foundation for supporting China's economic resilience and potential?
The bottom of the economic transformation
"What is the most expensive in the 21st century? Talent!"
This classic line clearly explains that today's competition is essentially a contest of talents. The more unprecedented risks and challenges, the more fully the advantages of human resources should be brought into full play.
Zhou Maohua, a macro analyst at the China Everbright Bank’s Financial Market Department, said that technology is the first productive force and talent is the first resource for technological innovation. China has more than 170 million human resources that have received higher education or professional skills training. An important foundation for the "demographic dividend" to "talent dividend".
"In the past, China's economic development mainly relied on low-cost land, natural resources, labor, and other factors. Now, when we pursue high-quality development, we must turn to high-value-added, innovation-driven, and environmentally friendly development models. The support of human resources." Zhou Maohua said.
"At present, the epidemic situation of New Coronary Pneumonia continues to spread globally, and the pressure on production and operation of domestic enterprises is increasing. In this case, we should pay more attention to taking advantage of human resources." Li Zuojun, Deputy Director of the Institute of Resources and Environmental Policy, Development Research Center of the State Council On the one hand, due to the epidemic situation, many domestic enterprises have increased their production and operation difficulties, their willingness to transform and upgrade is more urgent, and the demand for human resources is more intense. On the other hand, as China's economy accelerates towards high-quality development, industrial development will also accelerate to mid- to high-end, which means that it is difficult to compete with the price of resource factors, and it must continuously improve the technical content and refinement of products. Only by relying on the talent team and continuously strengthening innovation can we remain invincible in the future competition.
Guo Guannan, director of the Comprehensive Research Office of the Institute of Economic System and Management, China Academy of Macroeconomics, said that from the external environment, the current international situation facing China is becoming more and more complex and severe. The Sino-US strategic game will become the norm in the future, and the United States will continue to It is difficult to limit the exchange of science and technology with China, and to achieve the improvement of China's scientific and technological level through the efficient flow of science and technology elements around the world. From the internal environment, the situation of my country's industrial transformation and upgrading is still grim. The problem of "big but not strong" development of the manufacturing industry is still outstanding. Oversupply at the low end and insufficient supply at the high end are not conducive to expanding the domestic market. Improving the quality and efficiency of the manufacturing industry is imminent.
"In view of the situation at home and abroad, inspiring the potential creative ability of more than 170 million talents and achieving more independent innovation is an important magic weapon for China to cope with the current international situation and improve its scientific and technological level." Guo Guannan said that he fully stimulated the enthusiasm of more than 170 million talents and formed The supporting human resource structure of industrial transformation and upgrading, realizing the positive cycle between human resources and industrial upgrading, and creating human resources to support the industrial transformation and upgrading more strongly are the important foundation for China's economic transformation and upgrading.
Deepen the potential of human resources
Talent is the foundation of economic development. Over the past 40 years of reform and opening up, great achievements have been made in China's economy, which is inseparable from the cultivation and introduction of talents and the building of talent teams.
At present, global economic growth is difficult, and external uncertainties and uncertainties are increasing. The problem of uneven domestic development is insufficient, and the economy is facing new downward pressure. Under such circumstances, we should actively tap the potential of human resources, release the "talent bonus", and unswervingly promote high-quality development.
In recent years, my country has introduced a series of policies and measures aimed at stimulating the creativity and entrepreneurship of talents and releasing the "talent dividend". Today, innovation and entrepreneurship have become an important force to promote the transformation and upgrading of my country's economy, as well as an important support to promote employment.
"Overall, there is still a lot of room for improvement in the release of the talent dividend." Guo Guannan said that from the perspective of the implementation of relevant policies, it is necessary to focus on the analysis of the effects of the policies that have been introduced, and strengthen the feedback adjustment of the policies that have been introduced. At the same time, the newly introduced policies should be more targeted, and the implementation of policies should be well implemented.
Guo Guannan suggested that the enthusiasm of scientific research personnel should be further improved, and the reform of the right to use, disposal and income rights of scientific and technological achievements should be deepened, the value of knowledge and innovation should be fully reflected in the distribution of income, the restrictions on labor income of scientific research personnel should be liberalized, and the innovation potential of scientific personnel should be fully released To improve the quality and efficiency of technology supply, thereby retaining high-end talent.
"At present, China still has a series of outstanding problems such as structural unemployment, the failure of talent potential to be effectively utilized, and the proportion of high-quality talents in various industries." Zhou Maohua said that to solve these problems and fully release the "talent dividend", we must combine our country Comprehensive implementation of specific national conditions to promote the closer integration of higher education and industrial development; improve the construction of multi-level capital markets and supporting industrial chains to transform innovative technologies into productive forces faster; improve the legal system to better protect intellectual property rights; System; increase vocational training of talents and reduce structural contradictions in the job market.
"The key to the release of the talent dividend is to mobilize the enthusiasm and creativity of talents and promote the development of productive forces." Li Zuojun said that we must respect and value talents, fully protect the rights of all types of talents, especially protect their intellectual property rights; Various incentives other than property rights have steadily increased their income levels to match their contributions and returns; we must strive to provide good security services for talents and solve their worries.
Accelerate the release of the "talent bonus"
At present, the role of human resources in promoting economic development is becoming more and more obvious, and all regions are paying more and more attention to human resources.
In recent years, many cities have successively issued "robbery" policies, trying to attract various types of talents to find jobs and start businesses in the localities by lowering the barriers to settle down, etc., to drive regional economic development. Especially in the graduation season of colleges and universities, many cities will introduce a series of preferential policies to encourage college students to find employment and settle in the area.
In fact, attracting talent is only the starting point for talent work. To truly let the talent resources release their vitality, the key is to create a series of institutional arrangements, social environment, and cultural atmosphere that are conducive to the development of innovative activities. Through continuous improvement of the system and mechanism, the "talent dividend" can be released to the maximum extent.
"To attract talents and retain talents, we must make talents feel vigorous innovation vitality, strong development potential, and positive entrepreneurial atmosphere, so that talents can continue to make progress and display their talents." Zhou Maohua said, talent gathering It is complementary to industrial development and urban development. When attracting and retaining talents, localities must find ways to improve the soft competitive environment, improve urban infrastructure, optimize the living environment, dig deep into the cultural heritage of the city, and enhance the charm of the city. At the same time, we must also pay attention to continuously improve the quality of industrial development, and strive to create a platform for entrepreneurship for the vast number of human resources.
In Guo Guannan's view, attracting people is a competition between cities. The relevant policies are only better and not optimal. To think about talents and worry about talents, formulate good policies with full gold content.
"We must pay attention to the stability policy and overall planning policy." Guoguan Nan said that some cities often change and adjust the policy of attracting people, resulting in talents at a loss. In some cities, not only the introduction of policies at the municipal level, but also the counties under their jurisdiction have formulated their own plans. The introduction policy of counties and districts, the content of documents is complicated, but the actual effect is not good.
Guo Guannan stated that it is unrealistic and waste of resources to formulate attractive policies scientifically based on local industries and set high attractive targets far and wide. To focus on enhancing the attractiveness of local talents, on the one hand, it is to attract local talents to return to the office for entrepreneurship, and on the other hand, it is to increase efforts to retain local college graduates in local employment.
Li Zuojun said that in order to attract talents and retain talents, on the one hand, it is necessary to constantly improve the macro environment, including both a good industrial development environment and a continuous improvement of the city's supporting infrastructure environment. On the other hand, it is necessary to continuously optimize the market environment so that factors such as talent and capital can flow more conveniently and freely. "The release of the dividend of more than 170 million talents has a far-reaching and comprehensive impact on the economic and social development, and it will definitely help my country move towards high-quality and sustainable development."
In addition, experts also suggested that we should further deepen the reform of the system and mechanism, form a talent structure that meets the needs of high-quality development and the construction of an innovative country, and form a more active, more open, and more efficient talent policy environment to promote the expansion of human capital in China. The change in quality improvement allows the "demographic dividend" to be superimposed on the "talent dividend" to provide strong intellectual support for China's high-quality development.