The Ministry of Health of Russia has prepared the seventh version of temporary guidelines for the prevention and treatment of coronavirus infection COVID-19. It is noted that the document was developed on the basis of Russian and foreign clinical experience.
“The new version of the guidelines has significantly revised and expanded all sections. New treatment regimens using the latest drugs are presented. The recommendations are published on the official website of the Russian Ministry of Health and sent to the regions for use in clinical practice, ”the agency’s website says.
An updated document states that a skin rash may be a sign of COVID-19 disease. The main symptoms of coronavirus infection are high body temperature, cough (dry or with a small amount of sputum), shortness of breath, muscle pain, fatigue and a feeling of stuffiness in the chest. Sore throat, runny nose, decreased taste and smell, signs of conjunctivitis can also be observed.
“The most severe shortness of breath develops by the 6-8th day from the moment of infection. It was also found that among the first symptoms may be myalgia (muscle pain. - RT ) (11%), confusion (9%), headaches (8%), hemoptysis (2-3%), diarrhea (3%) nausea, vomiting, palpitations. These symptoms in the onset of infection can also be observed in the absence of an increase in body temperature, ”explained in the recommendations.
However, it is emphasized that atypical symptoms may be observed in elderly patients with COVID-19. We are talking about delirium, tachycardia or a decrease in blood pressure and conjunctivitis.
At the same time, in children, the clinical symptoms of coronavirus correspond to ARVI disease caused by other viruses - fever, cough, sore throat, sneezing weakness, myalgia. The incubation period is from two to 10 days, most often two days.
- AGN "Moscow"
- © Kirill Zykov
Note that the department recommended testing all patients admitted to the medical institution for the presence of antibodies (IgM and IgG) to COVID-19 and new coronavirus infection (SARS-CoV-2) using registered rapid tests.
The Ministry of Health also indicated possible drugs for treatment of coronavirus infection in adults. Among them: favipiravir, hydroxychloroquine, chloroquine, mefloquine, azithromycin (in combination with hydroxyloroquine), lopinavir plus ritonavir, interferon preparations, remdesivir, umifenovir.
The Avifavir drug (based on favipiravir) manufactured by the Russian Direct Investment Fund and HimRar, which is included in the list of recommendations, has proven its effectiveness in clinical trials and blocks the mechanisms of coronavirus reproduction. This was reported today at the RDIF.
“The first deliveries of the drug to Russian hospitals are expected on June 11, in total 60 thousand courses for the treatment of patients with coronavirus will be delivered this month. The data from the Avifavir clinical study confirm the high efficacy of the drug for treating coronavirus, ”the RFPI press service said.
However, as explained in the Ministry of Health, the drug based on favipiravir can only be used in a hospital under the supervision of doctors, and the instructions should include a warning about incomplete clinical data when registering the drug. In addition, it is contraindicated for use in children and pregnant women.
In Russia, over the past day, 8536 cases of the disease with a new coronavirus infection COVID-19 were detected. Moreover, 38.5% of new patients did not have clinical manifestations of the disease. In total, 432,277 cases were recorded in the country.
Over the entire period since the start of the epidemic, 5215 people (1.2%) died from complications that developed against the background of coronavirus infection and concomitant diseases. At the same time, 195 957 patients (45.3%) recovered.
According to the Rospotrebnadzor, in Russia more than 11.4 million tests for coronavirus were carried out, and 303 thousand people remain under medical supervision in the country.
Earlier, the Russian Ministry of Defense said that the department selected volunteers for clinical trials of the domestic vaccine against coronavirus infection COVID-19.
“50 military personnel were selected to test the safety and effectiveness of the vaccine, including five women who voluntarily expressed their desire to take part in testing the modern drug,” the ministry said.