How can the introduction of major decisions be more transparent and scientific, and enhance social understanding and support? Recently, the "Implementation Measures for Major Administrative Decision-making Procedures of Jiangsu Province" was discussed and passed at the executive meeting of the Jiangsu Provincial Government and will be implemented as of August 1, 2020. The method provides standardized guidance for the entire process of major administrative decision-making, and stipulates that if the decision-making organ violates the regulations and causes serious mistakes in decision-making, causing major losses or adverse effects, it shall investigate the responsibility and pursue life-long accountability.
The five aspects of decision-making matters apply to the new approach, including the formulation of major public policies and measures related to public services, market supervision, social management, environmental protection, etc.; the formulation of important plans for economic and social development; the development, utilization, and protection Major public policies and measures for important natural and cultural resources; to decide on major public construction projects to be implemented in this administrative region; and to decide on other major matters that have a significant impact on economic and social development, involve major public interests, or are vital interests of the public. Among them, fiscal policy, monetary policy, and other macro-control decisions, government legislative decisions, and emergency response decisions do not apply to this approach.
The measures clarify the relevant procedures and normative requirements one by one from the aspects of initiating decision-making, public participation, expert demonstration, risk assessment, legality review, collective discussion, decision-making announcement and implementation and adjustment, and legal responsibility. For example, in addition to matters that are not disclosed according to law, the decision-making undertaking unit should take the form of facilitating the participation of citizens, legal persons or other organizations and specific groups to fully listen to opinions, directly involving the vital interests of citizens, legal persons or other organizations or having significant differences , You can hold a hearing and so on.
The regulations stipulate that decision-making organs should announce major administrative decisions in a timely manner. If they are generally concerned about the public or are more professional and technical, they should explain the adoption of public opinions and expert opinions, and publicize and interpret them through press conferences and interviews. . Exceptions are not made public according to law.
For those who obviously do not achieve the expected results after the implementation of major administrative decisions, citizens, legal persons or other organizations put forward more opinions, as well as other circumstances that are necessary, a post-decision assessment may be carried out. Post-decision evaluation results serve as an important basis for adjusting major administrative decisions.
The method further clarifies the legal responsibilities of the relevant personnel: if the decision-making organ violates the provisions of this method, the higher-level administrative organ shall order it to correct it, and the administrative head of the decision-making organ, other leaders who are responsible, and those directly responsible shall be held accountable according to law; If the decision-making is seriously wrong, or the decision should be made in a timely manner and delayed for a long time, causing major losses or adverse effects, the responsibility shall be reversed, life-long accountability shall be pursued, and the executive head of the decision-making organ, other leaders who are responsible and direct responsibility Personnel are held accountable according to law. The decision-making undertaking unit or the unit responsible for decision-making fails to perform the decision-making procedures in accordance with the provisions or fails to perform its duties and deceives or falsifies when performing the decision-making procedures, or the decision-executing unit refuses to execute, refutes execution, delays the execution of major administrative decisions, If major issues are concealed, falsely reported, or missed, all responsible leaders and persons directly responsible shall be held accountable according to law. (Huang Cheng and Shi Xiaolei, CCTV reporters at the main station)