On June 1, Xi Jinping, General Secretary of the CPC Central Committee, State President, and Chairman of the Central Military Commission, made an important instruction on the construction of Hainan Free Trade Port, stressing that system integration and innovation should be put in a prominent position, and high quality and high standards should be used to build a free trade port.
This is the first time that Xi Jinping announced the Party Central Committee’s support for Hainan’s gradual exploration and steadily promoting the construction of a free trade port with Chinese characteristics in April 2018 when Xi Jinping celebrated the 30th anniversary of the establishment of the Hainan Provincial Special Economic Zone. Set the tone.
What are the key messages of this important instruction? What is the strategic background for the construction of Hainan Free Trade Port? What new picture will Hainan draw in the future? People's network for you to understand and analyze.
Key information in important instructions
Significance of construction: The construction of a free trade port in Hainan is a major strategic decision made by the Party Central Committee focusing on the two major domestic and international situations to promote the innovation and development of socialism with Chinese characteristics . It is also a major event in the process of China’s new era of reform and opening up .
Objectives and principles: We must uphold the leadership of the party , adhere to the socialist system with Chinese characteristics , connect with international high-level economic and trade rules, promote the free and convenient flow of production factors, and build a free trade port with high quality and high standards .
Prominent characteristics: We must put system integration innovation in a prominent position, emancipate our minds, boldly innovate, mature one by one, launch one item one by one, and move forward with stability and long-term success.
Timetable, road map: The implementation scope of Hainan Free Trade Port is the entire island of Hainan Island. By 2025, a free trade port policy system with emphasis on free trade facilitation and free investment facilitation will be initially established , and it will become an open type in China by 2035. A new economic highland , by the middle of this century, a high-level free trade port with strong international influence will be fully established .
Strategic background of free trade port construction
Hainan is my country's largest special economic zone and has the unique advantage of implementing comprehensive deepening reforms and testing the highest level of openness policies. Supporting Hainan to gradually explore and steadily promote the construction of a free trade port with Chinese characteristics, and establish a free trade port policy and system in steps and stages is a major reform and opening-up initiative that General Secretary Xi Jinping personally planned, deployed, and personally promoted.
——In October 2017, Xi Jinping clearly pointed out in the report of the Nineteenth National Congress of the Communist Party of China that the free trade pilot zone should be given greater reform autonomy and explore the construction of a free trade port .
——In April 2018, Xi Jinping solemnly announced at the 30th anniversary celebration of the establishment of the Hainan Provincial Office Special Economic Zone that the Party Central Committee decided to support the construction of the Hainan Free Island Pilot Zone and Hainan to gradually explore and steadily promote the construction of a free trade port with Chinese characteristics. Establish a free trade port policy and system in steps and stages. This is a major decision made by the Party Central Committee focusing on the overall situation of international and domestic development, in-depth research, overall consideration, and scientific planning. It is a major measure that demonstrates my country's determination to expand opening up and actively promote economic globalization.
——In November 2018, at the opening ceremony of the first China International Import Expo, Xi Jinping once again reiterated that China will pay close attention to the study and put forward the policy and system of building a free trade port in Hainan in steps and stages, and accelerate the process of exploring the construction of a free trade port with Chinese characteristics. This is a major measure for China to expand its opening to the outside world and will drive the formation of a new reform and opening-up pattern at a higher level.
——On June 1, 2020, Xi Jinping made an important instruction. The construction of a free trade port in Hainan is a major strategic decision made by the Party Central Committee with a view to both the domestic and international situation and to promote the development of socialist innovation with Chinese characteristics. It is a new era in China A major event in the process of reform and opening up. The CPC Central Committee regards it as a strong driving force for the innovation and development of socialism with Chinese characteristics, an important node in the process of reform and opening up, and the expressions of "big picture", "major strategic decision-making" and "major events" undoubtedly highlight Hainan's status as a free trade port. .
What new picture do you draw? What is good for the people?
In April 2018, the "Guiding Opinions of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China on Supporting Hainan's Comprehensive Deepening of Reform and Opening-up" was published, which clearly pointed out the development goals of Hainan's comprehensive deepening of reform and opening up, which was drawn in steps and stages for Hainan's comprehensive modernization. A magnificent blueprint for science.
——By 2025, the quality and efficiency of economic growth will be significantly improved; the free trade port system is initially established, and the business environment has reached the first-class level in the country; the democratic legal system is more sound, the modernization level of the governance system and governance capacity has been significantly improved; and the level and quality of public services have reached The domestic advanced level and the equalization of basic public services are basically achieved; the ecological environment quality continues to maintain the national leading level.
——By 2035, it will be at the forefront of the country in the construction of socialist modernization; the system and operation mode of the free trade port will be more mature, and the business environment will be at the forefront of the world; the people will be more prosperous, and all the people will take a solid step towards prosperity. The high-quality public service and innovation and entrepreneurship environment have reached the international advanced level; the ecological environment quality and resource utilization efficiency are at the world's leading level; the modern social governance pattern has basically been formed, and the society is full of vitality and harmony and order.
——By the middle of this century, take the lead in realizing socialist modernization, forming a highly market-oriented, international, legal, and modern institutional system, becoming a region with comprehensive competitiveness and cultural influence, and the common prosperity of all people will be basically realized and the economy will be built. A beautiful new Hainan with prosperity, social civilization, ecological livability and people's happiness.
On June 1, 2020, the “General Plan for the Construction of Hainan Free Trade Port” issued by the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China and the State Council clearly clarified the overall plan for Hainan’s construction of a free trade port. Drawing on international experience, embodying Chinese characteristics, conforming to Hainan's positioning, highlighting reform and innovation, and sticking to the bottom line thinking, the development goals of 2025, 2035, and the middle of this century were clarified. For the common people, they can also receive real dividends. Just a few examples from the key tasks before 2025.
——Implement positive list management for the imported goods consumed by residents on the island, and allow tax-free purchase on the island.
——Relax the duty-free shopping quota for outlying islands to 100,000 yuan per person per year, and expand the variety of duty-free commodities.
——Establish and improve the national security review, industry access environmental standards and social credit system, and fully implement the “minimal approval” system.
-Support Hainan to vigorously introduce high-quality foreign medical resources. Summarize the experience of piloting the construction of regional medical centers, and research and support the construction of regional medical centers in Hainan.
——Allow foreign high-level universities and vocational colleges in agriculture, medicine and medical sciences to independently run schools and set up international schools in Hainan Free Trade Port. Promote the introduction of well-known foreign universities in key domestic universities to host Chinese-foreign cooperatively-run schools with independent legal personality in Hainan Free Trade Port.
—— High-end talents and talents in short supply who work in the Hainan Free Trade Port will be exempted from the portion where the actual personal income tax burden exceeds 15%.
Only reformers advance, but innovators are strong, but reform and innovators win. The People's Daily published a review article entitled "Building a Bright Banner and Important Portal to Lead the Opening to the Outside World in the New Era" today, emphasizing that the builders of special economic zones in the past have written brilliant chapters with wisdom, courage and sweat. Today, the blueprint of the free trade port is drawn, and the call for a new pattern of opening up to the outside world. Hainan must be brave to shoulder its historical responsibilities, carry forward the spirit of the special economic zone that dares to dare to dare to try, pioneer, and work hard, so that the beautiful blueprint becomes a beautiful reality The new era has comprehensively deepened the new benchmark of reform and opening up, injecting a powerful impetus for the realization of the "two hundred years" struggle goal and the realization of the Chinese nation's great revival.
(Some sources in the article: People's Daily, Xinhua News Agency)