China News Service, Beijing, May 29 (Reporter Gao Kai and Zhang Weiran) The Institute of Ecological Civilization Construction and Forestry Development with Chinese Characteristics, the Institute of Quantitative Economics and Technical Economics of the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, and the Social Sciences Literature Publishing House jointly released the "Ecological Forestry" Blue Book: Report on the Construction of Ecological Civilization and Forestry Development with Chinese Characteristics (2019 ~ 2020) (hereinafter referred to as the report). The report states that the Chinese Ecological Forestry Development Index has grown steadily in recent years.
According to the relevant data of the China Forestry Statistics Yearbook from 2011 to 2017, the report stated that the national ecological forestry development index has grown steadily from 31.57 in 2011 to 51.63 in 2017, an increase of 64%, with an average annual growth rate of 8.5%, of which, 2011 In 2012, the single-year growth rate was the largest, with a growth rate of 12%.
The report points out that the importance of China's ecological forestry has increased overall from 2011 to 2017. Among the indexes of forestry importance of various provinces in 2017, the indexes of Guangxi, Tianjin, Shanghai and Heilongjiang are higher, benefiting from the higher proportion of forestry ecological protection investment , Guangxi is 1.8, higher than most parts of the country.
The analysis of the report points out that China's ecological civilization construction and forestry development face three challenges.
First, the task of ecological protection in China is arduous. Although China's forest protection has made great progress and improved the overall forest coverage, the per capita forest area, high-quality forest area and other indicators are low, and the forest ecosystem is still fragile. The forest protection business still needs to continue to advance.
Second, forestry is in urgent need of a new round of industrial upgrading. China's forestry development is still at a low industrial level. Small, scattered, low added value and waste of resources are common phenomena in the forestry processing industry. How to carry out the reengineering and upgrading of the forestry industry according to local conditions, promote ecological forestry to form a reasonable one, two and three industry structure, realize the diversification of the income of the first industry, increase the scientific and technological content of the second industry, and increase the service coverage of the third industry. The main task of upgrading.
Third, the ecological forestry system and mechanism still need to be improved. The report recommends that, in accordance with the needs of economic and social development, establish a management system that promotes the development of ecological forestry, take scientific planning as a guide, accelerate the aggregation and industrial upgrading of ecological forestry industries, improve the management level of both ecological protection and industrial development, and build a balanced and harmonious ecology Forestry development institutional mechanism. (Finish)