(Observation of the two sessions) People's livelihood concerns under the epidemic
China News Service, Beijing, May 23 Question: People's livelihood concerns under the epidemic situation, China's road map to solve the problem of "passing the border"
China News Agency reporter Zhang Ziyang
Chinese Premier Li Keqiang ’s government work report to the Third Session of the 13th National People ’s Congress on the 22nd explained in greater detail how China has solved the difficulties of economic and social development and promoted the “wheel” of people ’s livelihood under the background of normalization of epidemic prevention and control Forward.
In the view of the interviewed scholars, this policy report with the most streamlined capacity in the past 40 years of reform and opening up, in a special year, describes the government's "passing the barriers" policy direction in the special year, showing determination between the lines, stabilizing confidence, and gathering people's hearts.
Under the epidemic, life is paramount
"For a developing country with a population of 1.4 billion, we can effectively control the epidemic in a relatively short period of time and protect the basic lives of the people. It is very difficult and difficult." Li Keqiang said, we also paid a huge price. The economy experienced negative growth in the first quarter, and the order of production and life was hit, but life is paramount. This is a price that must be sustained and worth paying.
Looking back on China's anti-epidemic journey in the past few months, "Life is supreme" has always been regarded as the most important "code" for the Chinese Communist Party's ruling team.
On January 25, the New Year's Day, Zhongnanhai Huairentang, the Standing Committee of the Political Bureau of the CPC Central Committee held a meeting.
"I wanted to make everyone have a good year. The epidemic situation is urgent and I have to call everyone together to study and deploy this issue." Xi Jinping, China's top leader, said solemnly, "I can't sleep at night in the New Year's Eve. . "
At this meeting, the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China made a series of important decisions: the establishment of the Central Leading Group for Response to Outbreaks, the dispatch of a steering group to Hubei and other epidemic-stricken areas, and the centralized isolation and treatment of all patients in Hubei Province.
What the outside world sees is to support the whole country by mobilizing more than 40,000 medical staff to quickly expand the beds for treatment, give priority to the protection of medical supplies, spare no efforts to treat patients, maximize the cure rate and reduce the mortality rate ...
The value dimension of "life is supreme" is imprinted into the historical text of China's efforts to fight against epidemics.
As the epidemic prevention and control work has achieved staged results, China has rapidly expanded its governance "track", coordinated advancement of the epidemic prevention and control and economic and social development, has not lost the opportunity to promote the resumption of production and production, and launched 90 policies in 8 areas.
Speaking of the previous anti-epidemic practices, Li Keqiang said that these policies have benefited hundreds of millions of people, promptly and effectively promoted the supply and price stability, and resumed production and production. The Chinese economy has shown strong resilience and great potential.
Strengthen the construction of public health system, "short board" will not be shelved
Regarding this sudden outbreak, Xi Jinping pointed out that in order to address the shortcomings and shortcomings exposed in the response to the outbreak, we should improve the national emergency management system and improve the ability to deal with urgent, difficult, dangerous and heavy tasks.
In this government work report, which was postponed for two and a half months, the policy directions for checking loopholes and making up for shortcomings were also continued: the disease prevention and control system should be reformed, the direct report and early warning system for infectious diseases should be improved, and the epidemic situation should be released in a timely and transparent manner. information. Make good use of special anti-epidemic national debts, increase investment in research and development of vaccines, drugs and rapid detection technologies, increase medical facilities for epidemic prevention and treatment, increase mobile laboratories, strengthen emergency material security, and strengthen primary health and epidemic prevention.
Xue Lan, a professor at the School of Public Administration of Tsinghua University, told the China News Service that the above content has sent a strong signal that the official wants to strengthen the construction of the public health system in an all-round way: whether it is to reform the disease prevention and control system, or strengthen the emergency supplies guarantee, strengthen the basic health and epidemic prevention Wait, each item is clearly listed. On the one hand, it expresses that the government will not "leave" the existing shortcomings, and it must make up its mind to solve and fill it; on the other hand, it must also seek a layout for the future.
In Xue Lan's view, greatly improving the prevention and control capabilities, resolutely preventing the rebound of the epidemic, resolutely guarding the health of the people, and digging out the obvious and hidden risks together, which is in line with the internal logic of adhering to the "life first", and the The ruling ideas based on each other are mutually footnotes.
Keep to the bottom line of people's livelihood, "keep the green hill and win the future"
In this special year, how to guarantee employment and people's livelihood? Li Keqiang emphasized an important link, "We must stabilize hundreds of millions of market players and try our best to help enterprises, especially small, medium and micro enterprises, and individual industrial and commercial households overcome difficulties."
Dai Yanjun, a professor at the Central Party School of the Communist Party of China (National School of Administration), believes that under the dual pressure of the global economic slowdown and the epidemic, it is like "adding a bit of misfortune" to small and medium-sized enterprises with low defense capabilities. Against this background, the government has introduced corresponding countermeasures, combined with institutional arrangements, to release water to raise fish, and help the market players to bail out and develop. This is an urgent task and will lay an important foundation for the future economic recovery. "Overcoming difficulties and unleashing future policy guidance."
For example, China will continue to implement the system of lowering the value-added tax rate and enterprise pension insurance rate this year, adding about 500 billion yuan (RMB, the same below) for tax reduction and fee reduction.
"It is expected that the new burden reduction for enterprises will exceed 2.5 trillion yuan for the whole year." Li Keqiang said, "We must resolutely put the tax reduction and fee reduction policies on the enterprises, stay in Qingshan and win the future."
Liu Yuanchun, vice president of Renmin University of China, believes that the historical global public health crisis will generally trigger economic crisis and social unrest. Therefore, to stop this process, the core is to protect employment, livelihood, and market subjects. "As long as employment is basically stable, people's livelihood is basically stable, and economic subjects are basically stable, the basic social market can be basically stabilized, and this can also be blocked. Unprecedented challenges and risks brought by this crisis. "
The interviewed scholars noted that this government work report emphasized on the one hand that it should strive to stabilize market players, solve development difficulties, and promote employment. On the other hand, the government should put pressure on itself, "it must really live a tight life."
Dai Yanjun believes that the government "tighten the waistband", self-pressurizing and confessing to the people will undoubtedly better unite people's hearts, "resonate with the market and the people at the same frequency", and work together to face difficulties and challenges. Point to meaning. (Finish)