The Court of Justice of the European Union on Wednesday determined that the Polish government should suspend the operation of the Supreme Court's disciplinary chamber. This disciplinary chamber can punish judges, but it would not be independent.
If Poland does not follow the European Court's judgment, it can be subject to a penalty.
In the country, judgments for a number of years have been allowed to be tested by the so-called disciplinary chamber against 'ethical behavior'.
The Court of Justice already informed Poland in November that this chamber, which is elected indirectly politically, is contrary to European rules and undermines the independence of the rule of law. The Polish government ignored this warning, as did an opinion by the Polish Supreme Court based on it.
The European Commission then brought urgent proceedings before the Court of Justice, which on Wednesday ruled that "Poland has failed to fulfill its European obligations" and that "the independence of the disciplinary chamber cannot be guaranteed".