Medicines based on chloroquine and hydroxychloroquine, in Marseille. - GERARD JULIEN / AFP

The drug regulator in the United States (FDA) authorized Sunday against the coronavirus, only in the hospital, chloroquine and hydroxychloroquine, antimalarial treatments on which President Donald Trump bases the greatest hopes.

In a statement, the Department of Health said that the FDA gave the green light for these treatments to be "distributed and prescribed by doctors to adolescent and adult hospitalized patients with Covid-19, as appropriate, when a clinical trial is not available or doable ”.

The general public should not self-medicate

The American president had praised on March 24 the merits of this drug. "There is a good chance it can have a huge impact. It would be a gift from heaven if it worked, ”he said. A controversial French doctor, Professor Didier Raoult, defends this treatment, and has advanced studies which have not entirely convinced the scientific community.

US health officials have warned the general public that they should not take self-medication. A resident of Arizona (southwest) who ingested chloroquine phosphate, which is used to disinfect aquariums, died.

Two American medical bodies, the National Institute of Health (NIH) and the Biomedical Research and Development Authority (Barda), are working on clinical trials. A trial according to Professor Raoult's protocol, with hydroxychloroquine and azithromycin (an antibiotic) will soon start in New York. The United States has more than 140,000 cases and 2,489 deaths, according to the Johns Hopkins University count.

  • United States
  • Drug
  • Coronavirus
  • World
  • Didier raoult