On March 27, the Tunisian Central Bank launched a new dinar banknote, with the circulation of the old paper bearing the image of the poet Abu al-Qasim al-Shabi.
The new banknote carries the image of the first female doctor in Tunisia and the Arab Maghreb who is Tawhida Bin Al-Sheikh in appreciation of her and the role of Tunisian women in society, as it coincided with the Corona disaster and it was a tribute to the doctors - the white army in the battle of Corona - who work around the clock to confront this crisis, and to become Taweda is a pioneer again, as she is the first Tunisian and even Arab woman to put her picture on a banknote.
|The 1930s saw an awakening in women's breakthroughs in medicine (Bixaby)|
The first Tunisian female doctor
She was born in January 1909, and she obtained the baccalaureate in 1920 to become the first Tunisian Muslim girl to obtain this certificate. She then traveled to the French capital Paris to study medicine, and after completing university years she decided to return to Tunisia in 1936, in order to benefit Her country, with the knowledge she obtained, becomes the first doctor in Tunisia and the Maghreb.
She opened a private pediatric clinic, and later specialized in the Obstetrics and Gynecology Department, and she headed this section at the Charles Nicole Hospital in Tunis from 1955 to 1964, then headed the same department at Aziza Othmana Hospital until she retired from medicine in 1977.
Tawhida was a prominent and active member of some Tunisian organizations and bodies, such as the Red Crescent and the National Family Planning Bureau, and Tunisian society continued to honor her even after her death in December 2010.
Egyptians planet and Helena
Despite Tawhida's achievement, which cannot be underestimated, it is on the big map of the Arab world that was preceded by a few female doctors in this professional path.
It has been historically agreed that the Syrian slumber of Islambouli is the first Arab woman to study medicine, but was one of the first women in the world to finish studying medicine in about 1880, according to the University of Pennsylvania, after which she returned to Syria and then to Cairo, but the university was unable to learn more about her life After that, whether or not she practiced medicine because of the scarcity of available materials on her.
|Hibernate Islambouli the first Syrian doctor (communication sites)|
The same scarcity of information falls on the Syrian doctor Zarifa Elias Bashour, who the Arab Women’s Organization mentioned as the first Syrian doctor in 1911 graduated from the University of Illinois in America, but it is not mentioned whether she actually practiced the medical profession or not.
And in Egypt - specifically in 1922 - a scholarship was granted to six Egyptian girls to study in London, and the planet Hafni Nasif and Helena Cedarus were among the girls who enrolled in medical studies, to start their careers after their return in 1930, and they became one of the first Egyptian and Arab doctors who practiced the medical profession already.
Kawkab specialized in the department of gynecology, to become the first Egyptian doctor to perform a cesarean delivery, and she also occupied the position of "Hakim Bashi", who was confined to English only, and was the first doctor to join the Medical Syndicate, and she also established the first nursing school in Egypt, and her colleague Doctor Helena returned to work in the "Kitchener" Hospital in Cairo, and she moved from him to work in the Coptic Hospital in Cairo, and she was the first Egyptian doctor to open a private clinic for obstetrics and gynecology.
Syrian Loris Maher
It seems that in the year 1930, he was full of Arab woman’s accomplishments in the medical field. In addition to the previous female doctors, she graduated the first Syrian female doctor at the Arab Medical Institute in Damascus, and she was Dr. Loris Maher. Until her death in 1970, according to the Arab Women’s Organization website.
After a few years, Arab women began enrolling in medical colleges, whether in their countries or in foreign countries, and after the graduation of Touhda Bin El Sheikh Tunisian, the first class of Egyptian students graduated from the Egyptian College of Medicine in 1935, and Anna Sittan in 1939 became the first Iraqi doctor, while the doctor was an Ouljian Noureddine Ben Allaq is the first Algerian girl to obtain an Algerian university degree in 1946.