On March 30, Xin Guobin, Vice Minister of the Ministry of Electrical and Information Technology of the People's Republic of China, introduced on March 30 that, as of March 28, the average operating rate of industrial enterprises across the country reached 98.6%, and the average rate of return to work was 89.9%. The return rate of SMEs has reached 76%, and the average daily increase since March is more than 1 percentage point.
Data map: On March 23, a car production line in Wuhan, workers are working. Photo by Zhang Chang from China News Agency
The State Council ’s joint defense and joint control machine is scheduled to hold a press conference on March 30 to introduce the situation of the resumption of production and production in the manufacturing industry. Xin Guobin introduced at the meeting that the orderly promotion of the resumption of production and production in the manufacturing industry is related to economic and social stability. The Ministry of Industry and Information Technology, in accordance with the idea of "big and small, up-down linkage, internal and external interaction", is fully promoting the coordinated resumption of production and production in the manufacturing industry chain.
On March 13, a cross-department manufacturing industry chain coordinated resumption and production resumption work was organized. In the following period, three national industrial credit systems were held to promote resumption and resumption of production. Three provinces and key industries resumed production. Video conference call, summarizing the effective methods of promoting local and industrial resumed production. Focused on four areas of work.
First, focus on key industries and grasp the release of production capacity. Focus on industries such as epidemic prevention supplies, daily necessities, public utilities, spring ploughing, foreign trade, high-tech industries, etc., and improve the overall efficiency and level of resumption and production. The reinstatement rate of employees in the steel and electronics industries is over 90%, and the reinstatement rate of employees in the textile, automotive, machinery, light industry and other industries is also between 70% and 90%. The production and operation of some vitamin, antibiotic, and antipyretic and analgesic raw material drug companies that have a global competitive advantage have returned to normal, and the resumption of production and yield of major products are above 80%.
The second is to focus on leading enterprises and focus on industrial chain coordination. On the basis of promoting the resumption of production and production of 51 large-scale leading enterprises and more than 7,300 core supporting enterprises in the early stage, we have sorted out 41 leading enterprises and 379 core supporting enterprises in two batches as the key enterprises for direct daily scheduling of the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology. The production level of the same period last year was basically restored. A total of 92 leading enterprises led more than 400,000 small and medium-sized enterprises upstream and downstream to resume work and resume production.
The third is to focus on small and medium-sized enterprises to grasp the difficulties and solve difficulties. With the support of the central bank, the China Banking Regulatory Commission, and relevant financial institutions, 300 billion yuan of special reloans to support key epidemic prevention and control enterprises have been distributed to more than 5,000 enterprises, and some funds have been reserved for Hubei Province. The actual interest rate of the enterprise is only about 1.27%. A total of 500 billion yuan of small refinancing loans and rediscounts for agriculture and agriculture has been issued with more than 200 billion yuan, and the loan interest rate is less than 4.55%. The Ministry of Industry and Information Technology, in conjunction with the Ministry of Civil Affairs, issued the Guiding Opinions on Promoting the Development of Voluntary Services to Promote the Development of SMEs, and used the strength of all parties in the society to help SMEs resume work and resume production. Implement special digital empowerment actions for small and medium-sized enterprises to help enterprises use the cloud, transform and upgrade, and convert kinetic energy. In view of the huge impact and impact of the epidemic situation on the capital chain of SMEs, the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology continued to increase efforts to clean up government arrears and large state-owned enterprises in arrears to private enterprises and SMEs during the epidemic prevention period. And SMEs accounted for 18.1 billion yuan.
Fourth, focus on key areas and focus on fundamental stability. While focusing on the resumption of production and production in major industrial provinces, the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology has studied Hubei's resumption of production and deployed various support measures to focus on solving practical problems such as poor supply chains. At present, the average operating rate of industrial enterprises in Hubei Province exceeds 95%, and the average rate of returning to work is about 70%. Overall, the national industrial fundamentals have initially stabilized. As of March 28, the average operating rate of industrial enterprises across the country has reached 98.6%, and the average return rate of employees has reached 89.9%. The return rate of SMEs has reached 76%, and the average daily increase since March is more than 1 percentage point.
Xin Guobin pointed out that although the current resumption of production in the manufacturing industry is progressing in an orderly and positive manner, it still faces blockages in the flow of people and logistics, uncoordinated resumption of production in the industrial chain, and high pressures on business operations. With the rapid spread of overseas epidemics, the international flow of people, logistics, and funds has been blocked, the global industrial chain and supply chain have become more turbulent, the economic and social order is unbalanced, and systemic risks have risen. All these need to be studied carefully and dealt with properly.
Xin Guobin said that in the next step, the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology will continue to thoroughly implement the decision-making arrangements of the Party Central Committee and the State Council, respond to changes in international and domestic situations, strengthen communication and docking with departments and localities, adhere to problem orientation, form a joint effort, and strive to keep the industrial economy operating within a reasonable range .
First, it is necessary to give play to the leading role of leading enterprises, continue to sort out the list of core supporting enterprises in key areas and their upstream and downstream industries that have not resumed production and production, establish a "one-to-one" precise docking mechanism, and timely solve the actual difficulties reflected by the enterprises. Dynamic adjustment and advancement will promote the common development of upstream and downstream SMEs in the industry chain.
The second is to actively expand effective demand, stabilize traditional consumption such as automobiles, textiles, and home appliances, and cultivate consumer health hotspots such as smart and healthy pensions and green products. Support the development of new business models such as telemedicine and online education. Speed up the construction of key projects and follow up on the landing of major projects. Accelerate the construction of new infrastructure such as 5G networks and data centers.
The third is to do a good job of the "last mile" of fiscal, tax, financial, social security and other policies. Continue to clean up government and state-owned enterprises' arrears of accounts owed to private enterprises and small and medium-sized enterprises, and ensure that there are no differences in arrears before the end of 2020.
The fourth is to carry out intensive actions in the industrial chain, maintain the stability of the international supply chain, and ensure the production and supply of products that have an important impact on the global industrial chain and the key links of the product. Production and supply of APIs, daily necessities, and epidemic prevention and control materials urgently needed in the international market.