China News Service, Beijing, March 4th (Reporter Zhang Su) China's Supreme People's Court issued a news on the 4th that it will report to 8 provinces (districts, cities) in Inner Mongolia, Jilin, Shanghai, Jiangxi, Shandong, Hubei, Guangdong, and Sichuan In Xi'an, Shaanxi, Ningbo, Zhejiang, and Beihai, Guangxi, pilot work was initiated to resolve labor disputes.
The "Opinions on Piloting the Diversity of Labor Disputes in Partial Areas" was jointly issued by the Supreme People's Court of China and the All-China Federation of Trade Unions. It has put forward 14 opinions on performing the judicial functions in accordance with the law, improving the working mechanism of the lawsuit and mediation, the performance mechanism of the mediation agreement, strengthening the application of science and technology, and improving the guarantee of funds.
The head of the Judicial Reform Leading Group Office of the Supreme People's Court of China said in response to reporters' questions that most labor disputes are confirmed with labor relations, labor compensation, economic compensation, pension recourse, work injury, medical treatment, unemployment insurance claims, and worker benefits. Treatment guarantees and so on. In recent years, local trade unions have worked with people's courts to explore new models for labor dispute multi-resolution, and have "effectively reduced the number of labor dispute cases that have entered litigation through negotiation and mediation."
Summarizing the characteristics of this opinion, the person in charge pointed out three points: highlight the concept of "multiple co-governance", attach importance to the role of mediation, and support trade unions to perform their duties fully. He said that workers are often in a disadvantaged position relative to employers, lacking the ability to negotiate with each other in the event of disputes, and that many disputes involve a wide range and high sensitivity. Compared with arbitration and litigation, the use of mediation is more conducive to the substantive settlement of labor disputes. It should be emphasized that negotiation and mediation are not only an independent dispute resolution method, but also run through arbitration and litigation.
Talking about how to improve the labor dispute dispute resolution mechanism in the next step, the person in charge said that when conditions are ripe, labor dispute mediation, arbitration, lawsuit docking and organic integration will be promoted. (Finish)