"The death of former Egyptian President Hosni Mubarak robs Egyptians an important opportunity to achieve justice because of a series of violations committed during his 30-year rule, including the killing of hundreds of protesters in the January 25, 2011 revolution that ended wisdom".

"Hosni Mubarak - who died in Cairo last Tuesday at the age of 91 - was sentenced to life imprisonment in 2012 for failing to protect protesters from killing and injury, and we welcomed the ruling at that time as an important step in ending the organization," the organization added in a statement posted on its official website. Impunity, but the conviction was revoked and Mubarak was released in March 2017. "

According to the statement, Hosni Mubarak became president of Egypt after the assassination of his predecessor Anwar Sadat in 1981. Immediately, he imposed a state of emergency that granted comprehensive powers to the security forces, and restricted freedom of the press, expression, and assembly.

The statement stressed that the emergency law contributed to the establishment of the shadow justice system, which defrauds the ordinary judicial system and the limited guarantees it guarantees. The result has been the detention of tens of thousands of people without charge or trial, often in appalling conditions. Today, the Egyptian authorities re-established this system under anti-terrorism laws.

Philip Luther, director of research and advocacy activities at Amnesty International's Middle East and North Africa Program, said, "The distinctive policies of Hosni Mubarak's rule - that is, mass torture and arbitrary detention - remain a daily reality in Egypt. Mubarak has never been held accountable for his responsibility in a series of violations." That I supervise. "

He added, "Hosni Mubarak's legacy continues through the tools of repression he devised, most notably in the unaccountable security services, which control the country with an iron fist nine years after the fall of Mubarak."

Luther emphasized that Mubarak supervised the establishment of the infamous and fearful State Security Intelligence Service, whose staff number reached a peak of more than 100,000 employees, and was believed to be responsible for hundreds of cases of torture, and other violations such as arbitrary arrest and detention.

He added that although the State Security Investigation Service was officially disbanded after the 2011 revolution, it was re-launched under the new name "National Security Sector". The National Security Sector maintained the same methods of torture that included hanging victims from the wrists and ankles, brutal beatings, and electric shocks, and its members enjoying the same immunity from punishment.

He stressed that Mubarak's rule succeeded in fortifying the security forces and making them unaccountable. Therefore, she was not held accountable for the grave violations of human rights committed during his reign, and in the years that followed. And still behaves to this day as if it were above the law.

Luther concluded that Egypt is still ruled by an army chief responsible for an unprecedented human rights crisis, in which horrific human rights violations are practiced systematically, and in many cases on a wider scale, and mass arbitrary detention without trial, and systematic torture, is the daily reality of many From the Egyptians and their families.