More than 20 Provincial People's Congress Standing Committee Issued Decisions on Prevention and Control of Epidemics
Strictly regulate law enforcement in implementing decisions
□ Our reporter Pu Xiaolei
Since the outbreak of the new crown pneumonia epidemic, the standing committees of many provincial people's congresses in China have intensified meetings of the standing committee to review and pass decisions to provide timely and effective legal support for the prevention and control of the epidemic.
As of February 22, 22 provinces including Beijing, Shanghai, Zhejiang, Hubei, and Ningxia have temporarily opened meetings of the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress to consider and pass decisions on the prevention and control of new crown pneumonia epidemics.
Experts believe that the contents of these decisions are outstanding and effective, further clarifying the responsibilities of governments at all levels and relevant departments, all aspects of society and individuals.
Empowering urban and rural community organizations to prevent and control epidemics
The main bodies of urban and rural community organizations are urban and rural grassroots mass self-government organizations, that is, residents 'committees and villagers' committees, as well as community service organizations and some public welfare organizations in which the government sinks community services. In this epidemic stagnation battle, urban and rural community organizations have undertaken the work of epidemic prevention and control propaganda, timely release of local epidemic prevention and control developments, on-site registration, and personnel exchanges, and played an important role.
In order to make better use of the role of urban and rural community organizations, the standing committees of the provincial people's congresses have clearly defined the tasks to be undertaken by urban and rural community organizations, and have given certain powers to them.
Zhejiang clarified that residents 'committees and villagers' committees should play an autonomous role, assist relevant departments to do a good job in publicity, education, and health tips on community epidemic prevention and control, implement relevant prevention and control measures, and collect, register, verify, and report relevant information in a timely manner. The owners' committee and the real estate service enterprise shall cooperate in the prevention and control of the epidemic situation.
Heilongjiang requires that residents 'committees and villagers' committees should assist relevant departments to do a good job in propaganda, education, and health tips for community epidemic prevention and control, implement relevant prevention and control measures, collect, register, verify, and report relevant information in a timely manner, and do a good job in guaranteeing living services.
Jiangsu made clear that residents 'committees and villagers' committees should obey the unified command of the government, implement relevant prevention and control measures, and assist in epidemic prevention and control publicity and education, health notification, personnel exchanges, personnel health monitoring, etc., and collect, register, verify, Submit relevant information. Owners' committees and property service enterprises shall do a good job in preventing and controlling epidemics in accordance with requirements.
Sun Yuhua, an associate professor at East China University of Political Science and Law, said that residents 'committees and villagers' committees are grassroots mass autonomous organizations and do not belong to the state organs of China. However, when fighting the epidemic, they have to undertake a lot of work. Some epidemic prevention and control powers make them organizations authorized by laws and regulations, which is conducive to better play the role of urban and rural community organizations and help win the epidemic prevention and control war. "Especially for some beneficial administrative actions, local regulations can be widely authorized to grass-roots organizations. Of course, some compulsory measures involving restrictions on the personal freedom of citizens are reserved by law, and local regulations cannot be authorized." Sun Yuhua emphasized.
Charitable giving must be open and transparent in response to concerns
At the critical moment of the new crown pneumonia outbreak, the Hubei Provincial Red Cross Society was questioned by the public due to issues such as the distribution of relief materials and incorrect disclosure of information. Three leaders of the Hubei Provincial Red Cross Society were therefore held accountable.
Charitable donation in epidemic prevention and control is not only a key issue of social concern, but also an important part of doing a good job in epidemic prevention and control. In this regard, some localities made special provisions in their decisions, requiring charitable organizations and the Red Cross to be open and transparent and respond to social concerns.
For charitable donations, Hubei stipulates that the government strengthens the supervision and management of charitable organizations and donation activities to ensure that the receipt and distribution of donated funds and materials are open, transparent, timely, efficient, fair and reasonable.
Chongqing requires that various types of social assistance groups and charitable organizations, such as the Red Cross and the Charity Federation, must carry out donations and social assistance activities in strict accordance with the law, and relevant information should be made public in a timely manner. Relevant departments should strengthen the standardized management of charitable donation activities related to epidemic prevention and control and emergency rescue, and ensure that the entire process of receiving, spending, using and supervising donations is open, transparent, efficient and orderly.
Ningxia made it clear that people's governments at and above the county level and their relevant departments, Red Cross, charitable organizations, medical institutions and other relevant units should strengthen the standardized management of donated goods and ensure that the entire process of receipt, expenditure, distribution, use and supervision is transparent. , Open, efficient, and orderly.
Professor Liu Junhai, School of Law, Renmin University of China pointed out that during the epidemic prevention and control, charitable donation is not only an important aspect of medical and living material protection, but also an important way for all sectors of society to participate in the prevention and control of the epidemic. For the distribution of charitable donations, it must be open, transparent, fair, and fair to ensure that the information is true, accurate, complete, and timely, and easily accessible to the public. This is both the need to fight the epidemic and the embodiment of the charity law.
"Strict accountability is required for violations in the process of charitable donations. In addition to administrative penalties, they must also be included in a blacklist that cannot be promoted and reused for life. In addition, individuals who cause significant losses to charitable work when handling donations For example, the credibility of the Red Cross Society has been reduced, and donated materials have been lost. Individuals should be held liable for compensation. "Liu Junhai said.
Individual concealed condition was blacklisted for breach of trust
During the epidemic prevention and control, cases of infection by others occurred because of intentional concealment of medical history and travel history in key areas. In this regard, many places stipulated in the decision that not only the corresponding legal responsibility must be strictly investigated, but also credit punishment should be included.
Shanghai clearly states that individuals have concealed medical history, travel history in key areas, history of contact with patients or suspected patients, etc. In addition to strict legal investigation of corresponding legal responsibilities, relevant departments should also report their untrustworthy information to this city in accordance with national and local regulations. Public credit information platforms are collected and disciplinary measures are taken in accordance with the law.
Henan stipulates that individuals who have concealed their illness, lived in areas with severe epidemics, contacted patients or suspected patients, or evaded medical observation, isolation and treatment, etc., in addition to investigating corresponding legal responsibilities according to law, relevant departments should also list them. Enter the list of people subject to joint disciplinary treatment for dishonesty.
Zhejiang requires that individuals have concealed the history of the epidemic, travel history in key areas, history of contact with patients or suspected patients, and evaded isolation of medical observations. In addition to strictly investigating corresponding legal responsibilities in accordance with the law, relevant departments should also follow the regulations of the state and the province, The dishonest information was collected in the province's public credit information platform, and disciplinary measures were taken in accordance with the law.
Jilin made clear that individuals who have concealed the history of the epidemic, contact with patients or suspected patients, evaded medical observation, home observation, etc., in addition to investigating their corresponding legal responsibilities according to law, relevant departments should also report their untrustworthy information to the country and the province. The province's public credit information platforms are aggregated and disciplinary measures are taken in accordance with the law.
According to Lu Yanbin, director of the State of Law Research Institute of the Institute of Law of the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, at the critical moment of the nation's fight against the epidemic, it is an obligation for each citizen to faithfully report personal information. If the concealment of the disease causes damage or even harm to the life and health of others To public safety, it is necessary to implement credit punishment while taking criminal sanctions.
"Many places require in the decision that credit punishment for individuals' concealment of illness and other conditions can serve as a warning and guide. However, it must be noted that law enforcement departments must strictly regulate law enforcement in the implementation of the decision process. Those who contact but intentionally conceal can be punished with credit, but they are not applicable to those who do not know the patient accidentally. "Lu Yanbin said.