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Madagascar, country most affected by environmental destruction

2020-02-17T02:50:54.713Z

A report published by the World Wide Fund for Nature (WWF) reveals for the first time the economic cost of the decline of nature for 140 countries by 2050. Madagascar is at the first place of the…



Madagascar, country most affected by environmental destruction

Madagascar has lost 20% of its forests since 2000. Mika Mamy, Pixabay

Text by: RFI Follow

A report published by the World Wide Fund for Nature (WWF) reveals for the first time the economic cost of the decline of nature for 140 countries by 2050. Madagascar is at the first place of the countries whose economies will be hardest hit. .

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According to this study, the Big Island, which is already one of the poorest countries in the world, will lose 4.2% of its GDP within 30 years if the environment continues to deteriorate at the current rate.

To reach this conclusion, scientists started from a first principle: nature provides economies with many benefits through ecological services. Among them: the pollination of crops, water supply, maritime and forestry resources and even coastal protection. A deteriorated environment cannot provide the same services.

In Madagascar, this is already clearly visible. The widespread degradation of mangroves, already denounced by WWF , and of coral reefs will no longer be able to slow down coastal erosion as it should. The direct effect on the economy: endangered fishing areas and crops.

The danger of forest death

An example: in twenty years, the Big Island has lost 58,000 hectares of mangroves. However, they play an important economic role since they can produce up to 2.5 tonnes of crabs per square kilometer according to the World Wildlife Fund.

The disappearance of forests, another major scourge in the country, has a huge impact on soil fertility and therefore on crops. In the far south of the island, infertile soils are already pushing people to cultivate inside protected forests. Degraded nature will reduce food production and increase prices.

With this report, WWF hopes to raise awareness among leaders. The Malagasy authorities have made reforestation a priority. But to reverse the trend, efforts must focus on protecting all biodiversity.

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  • Madagascar
  • Environment

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Source: rfi

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