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Burma: Aung San Suu Kyi and the fate of the Rohingya

2019-12-11T05:19:06.713Z

Aung San Suu Kyi is currently in The Hague where hearings before the International Court of Justice began on Tuesday, 9 December. Burma has been accused of "genocide" against the Rohingya since the crackdown on the Burmese army in 2017.



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Aung San Suu Kyi at the International Court of Justice on 10 December 2019 in The Hague. REUTERS / Yves Herman

Aung San Suu Kyi is currently in The Hague where hearings before the International Court of Justice began on Tuesday, 9 December. Burma has been accused of "genocide" against the Rohingya since the crackdown on the Burmese army in 2017.

From our correspondent in Yangon ,

This Wednesday, December 11, the words of the Burmese leader, Aung San Suu Kyi are eagerly awaited at the International Court of Justice but should not be surprising.

The Nobel Peace Prize should stick to the line of the Burmese government, which has been denying for two years all the accusations of "genocide" and ethnic cleansing against the Rohingya, and underlines the complexity of the crisis in Rakhine state.

Have the support of the Burmese

What is surprising is that Aung San Suu Kyi wanted to defend Burma in person, which has remained so far rather silent on the subject of the Rohingya.

But the context is special: general elections in the country are planned next year. It is therefore an opportunity for the de facto Prime Minister to gather the country around her.

Aung San Suu Kyi made national reconciliation a priority when she came to power in 2016, in a country plagued by many ethnic conflicts and where cohabitation with the military is complicated.

In Burma, demonstrations of support have multiplied in his favor even though dissenting voices are rising, particularly among certain ethnic minorities.

Burma is a sovereign country, we have good laws and there has never been a genocide here

Thousands of supporters support Aung San Suu Kyi in Rangoon 11/12/2019 - by Sarah Bakaloglou Play

Rebellions in conflict with the military have supported Gambia's initiative at the International Court of Justice. This is the case of the Arakan Army, for example, fighting in the state of Arakan, where the Rohingya ethnic cleansing took place.

They explain that their ethnic minorities are also subjected to human rights violations by the Burmese army.

But unity is still strong in the country about the Rohingyas. Other rebellions, also in conflict with the Burmese military, have ranged behind Aung San Suu Kyi. The majority of the population regards the Rohingya as illegal immigrants from Bangladesh.

A persecuted minority deprived of their rights

On Tuesday, December 10, The Gambia called for an end to the "genocide" against the Rohingya.

600,000 Rohingyas still live in western Burma, in Rakhine State. They do not have the right to move freely, they must ask for very difficult permissions to have. A lack of freedom that impacts on their access to health care and education.

More than 120,000 Rohingyas have been living in camps since 2012, from where it is impossible to go out. In total, nearly 740,000 members of this Muslim minority fled the Burmese army's crackdown in 2017.

The Fortify Rights organization also denounced in a report this week cases of slavery, including Rohingya children. According to the NGO, violations of human rights against the Muslim minority, far from ceasing, continue.

Public hearings of @CIJ_ICJ against Myanmar for #Rohingya genocide begins today # HumanRightsDay2019

"The int'l community should support all initiatives for justice & seek alternative solutions to the ongoing violations in Myanmar," @matthewfsmithhttps: //t.co/HXhCeGdB1C

Fortify Rights (@FortifyRights) December 10, 2019

Source: rfi

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