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My favorite mythological animal is dairy. While there are those who categorically affirm that drinking milk daily is absolutely vital, for others instead it is the devil himself. Who is right then? With scientific evidence in hand we cannot affirm neither one thing nor the other. It is true that drinking milk is a simple, comfortable and healthy way to ingest every day the necessary amount of some nutrients, such as calcium or vitamin D. But it is also true that milk is not an essential food, since we can get the nutrients it gives us from other foods. An example is that people who are vegan or allergic to cow's milk protein can follow a healthy dairy-free diet.

That said, and in the same way that dairy products are not - we insist - essential, neither are many bulls circulating on them. We disassemble some of them.

To the milk they add hormones

It is perhaps the most widespread of all false myths about milk. Nevertheless, in 2009 the Government amended a Royal Decree to definitively prohibit the use of hormones in livestock rearing. And this is true? The European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) conducts periodic checks in the industry to see if farmers do their homework and the results are satisfactory. For example, in 2016, about 24,000 samples were analyzed and no type of hormone was found that exceeded the permitted levels.

Milk has antibiotics

Since 2006 in the European Union it is prohibited to administer antibiotics to animals to promote their fattening. They can only be administered for therapeutic purposes and under the veterinarian's prescription . And this is also true? It is true that the use of antibiotics is still greater in Spain than in other countries in Europe, but yes, as with hormones, the laws are followed. In this case, compliance with the regulations is crucial in the fight against antibiotic resistance.

Lactose free milk is healthier

Although - like gluten - it seems to have become the new antichrist, lactose is only a sugar naturally present in milk. Even in breast milk! Lactose is formed by two sugars that go from the little hand: glucose and galactose. In the intestine, the enzyme lactase forces the two molecules to separate and thus, each, glucose and galactose, is absorbed separately. When a person is short of lactase, lactose cannot divide and glucose and galactose remain floating in the intestine. The problem is that the bacteria eat the two stroke molecules are made ball. When trying to lactose lactose, they produce organic acids, water ... and gas! These gases, which are basically bacteria pedets , are responsible for digestive discomfort in lactose intolerant. If you notice this type of discomfort, my advice is that you do not walk with experiments or buy food without. It is best to make an appointment with your doctor for a timely diagnosis.

Taking dairy increases phlegm

Grandparents and neighbors will keep repeating it every time they hear a child sneeze, but the truth is that the last review - carried out in 2018 - of this issue throws a firm conclusion: there is no scientific evidence that milk increases the production of mucus or phlegm Where does the myth come from? We owe it all to Dr. Spock, a kind of Carlos Gonzalez of the 40s who wrote a book entitled The care of his son of Dr. Spock . In this work, which by the way devastated selling 50 million copies worldwide , Spock claimed that dairy increased phlegm. Since then we have been dragging the bulo to the present day, without scientific evidence to corroborate it.

Skimmed dairy products are better for your health

Gone are the times when we thought that all saturated fats were worse than a curse. Today we know that the world of fats is much more complex than we thought and that not all fats are the same. The good news is that, for a few years now, studies show that people who take whole dairy have no more obesity, more diabetes or more cardiovascular disease than those who drink skimmed or semi-skimmed milk. Yes, you read that right: milk fat is not as bad as previously thought.

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