Berlin (dpa) - The current calendar sheet for December 1, 2019:
48th calendar week, 335th day of the year
30 more days until the end of the year
Star sign: Sagittarius
Nameday: Blanka, Edmund, Eligius, Natalie
2018 - The protests of the French "yellow vests" against the policies of President Emmanuel Macron turn into massive riots. In Paris, the triumphal arch is badly damaged. The riot began in mid-November with demonstrations against higher fuel taxes.
2009 - The European Union has a new legal basis. After eight years of preparation, the "Lisbon Treaty" comes into force. He should ensure that the EU works more democratically and better in the future.
1989 - The Soviet state and party leader Mikhail Gorbachev is received by Pope John Paul II in the Vatican. It is the first meeting between a CPSU General Secretary and a Pope.
1989 - The Volkskammer of the GDR deletes the passage about the leadership of the SED from the constitution.
1984 - "3sat" is launched, a joint German-language satellite television program of German, Austrian and Swiss TV stations.
1959 - The US, the Soviet Union and ten other states sign the Antarctic Treaty, which regulates ownership and usage rights at the South Pole.
1956 - Boxer Wolfgang Behrendt wins the first Olympic gold medal for the GDR in Melbourne (in a still all-German team).
1911 - Hugo von Hofmannsthal's play "Jedermann" in Berlin premieres under the direction of Max Reinhardt.
1909 - The first exhibition of the "Neue Künstlervereinigung München" opens at the Galerie Thannhauser with about 130 exhibits. The association includes Wassily Kandinsky, Alexei Jawlensky, Gabriele Münter, Marianne von Werefkin.
1989 - Joris (30), German singer and songwriter («Hopeless Hopeful», «Heart Over Head»)
1959 - Torsten Schulz (60), German director and author (novel, radio play and screenplay: "Boxhagener Platz")
1949 - Sebastián Piñera (70), Chilean politician, president and head of government since 2018 and 2010-2014
1944 - Tahar Ben Jelloun (75), Moroccan writer («Papa, what is a stranger?», «The last friend»)
1944 - John Densmore (75), American musician, drummer of the rock band The Doors
1999 - Fritz Fischer, German historian ("Grief for the world power"), in the 1960s triggered a historian dispute over Germany's guilt in the First World War, b. 1908
1997 - French jazz violinist Stéphane Grappelli starred with Benny Goodman, Duke Ellington and Django Reinhardt, b. 1908