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Le Monde: The Iraqi political class is complicit in thwarting the demonstrations

2019-11-18T12:13:43.992Z



Iraqi Prime Minister Adel Abdul Mahdi has never had the support of the political class as he is now, despite protests in Baghdad and several provinces calling for his departure, French newspaper Le Monde reported, citing diplomats.

She considered that this indicates that the parties supporting Abdul-Mahdi does not intend to approve the reform of the electoral law or the constitution, as these reforms will limit their control over the state and the wealth that benefits them.

In a lengthy report to the newspaper, it considered that the ruling political class in Iraq adheres to the privileges obtained under the existing system, and it does not want to lose if it allows reforms.

The intended political class is the Shiite religious parties that control the government, the Sunni parties that benefit from the sectarian quota system, and the Kurdish parties who fear losing their gains in the Kurdistan region of Iraq.

The report's author, Ellen Salon, said that the Sadr leader, who has a large mass and had called last month for the resignation of the government and the organization of early elections, stopped criticizing the government and the ruling parties after a visit to Iran earlier this month.

Security forces face demonstrations with gunshot and tear gas (Reuters)

External interference
Outside Iraq, the author argued that Iran, the main backer of the ruling Shiite parties, promoted that what was happening in Iraq was an external conspiracy headed by America, Israel and reactionary regimes, as confirmed by Supreme Leader Ali Khamenei and other Iranian officials.

She added that Khamenei's stance has resonated with some Iraqi officials, many of whom regarded US Secretary of State Mike Pompeo's recent call for early elections in Iraq as interference in his affairs.

Sistani agreed with UN plan to end crisis in Iraq (Iraqi press)

Sistani
With the ongoing demonstrations in Iraq and accusing the political class of betting abroad, the Supreme Shiite authority in Iraq, led by Ali al-Sistani, came out with a strong position in support of the demonstrations, where he stressed the need to respond to the demands of the demonstrators and political and economic reforms and the development of a new electoral system and hold accountable those who kill and injure protesters and fight corruption However, Sistani only invited the Iraqi political class to make efforts and did not demand the resignation of the government.

The representative of the religious authority in the city of Karbala Ahmed al-Safi in Friday sermon: "If those in power believe they can evade real reforms by buying time and procrastination, they are delusional."

On November 9, Sistani lied to an agreement leaked by Agence France-Presse, which brought together his son Mohammad Reza, Sadr's leader Muqtada al-Sadr, Prime Minister Adel Abdul Mahdi and Iranian General Qasem Soleimani, aiming to keep Abdul Mahdi's government even if it was needed. Suppression of the protest movement.

He added that two days after the leak of this news, Sistani agreed to the United Nations plan to end the crisis presented to him by the UN envoy to Iraq, Jenin Hennes Blaskhart, during her visit to Najaf.

The plan includes electoral law reform and constitutional reforms, as well as fighting corruption and putting militia weapons under state control. Although the UN plan enjoyed the support of the Shiite authority and protesters, it was not welcomed by the political class.

Source: aljazeera

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