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Here Europe - Joachim Bitterlich: "We have to show people what we have achieved in 30 years"


This week, Joachim Bitterlich, former adviser to German Chancellor Helmut Kohl (1987-1998), talks about the fall of the Berlin Wall on November 9, 1989, and all the upheavals that have taken place.

The former diplomat spoke about reunification: "We have to show the people what we have achieved in 30 years, something we did not dream of anymore." We did not think we could achieve German reunification or the liberation of The East in our generation We had lost part of this hope (...) And we have been able to reach in eleven months something incredible! (...) Why do we find ourselves today in another kind of Cold War between East and West, as at the time? "

Joachim Bitterlich also evokes the rise of the far right in Germany after the recent migration crisis: "We can take as a contrast the years 1991-92 when we received 500 000 former Yugoslavs at the outbreak of the civil war, smoothly, without problems, and now, 2015, the Syrian refugees and others who arrived and the rise of the far right that followed, remember that in East Germany there was no experience with refugees so far ... The GDR had a few guests (...) but not at all a tradition of migration, for them it was a new experience. "

Helmut Kohl's former advisor acknowledges mistakes in the enlargement of the European Union: "We made a mistake, we wanted to accept directly [the Eastern countries] and put a European umbrella on these countries- Instead of explaining to them that they needed to regain a national identity first ... (...) Build a political society, political parties, a civil society ... and add to that the European identity. what is happening in these countries is suddenly the debates on national identity that are resurfacing. "

Presentation: Caroline de Camaret.

Production: Mathilde Bénézet and Isabelle Roméro.

Source: france24

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