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30 years since the fall of the Berlin Wall

2019-11-08T20:36:39.241Z

The symbol of East-West Cold War, the Berlin Wall in Germany, will collapse and it will be 30 years in 9 days. It is a memorial ceremony attended by Prime Minister Merkel in the capital city of Berlin ...



30 years after the fall of the Berlin Wall Prime Minister Merkel attended and commemorated the ceremony on November 9 at 5:30

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The symbol of East-West Cold War, the Berlin Wall in Germany, will collapse and it will be 30 years in 9 days. Various celebrations such as a memorial ceremony attended by Prime Minister Merkel and others are held in the capital city of Berlin.

The Berlin Wall was built over 155 kilometers around the former West Berlin in an attempt to prevent the eastern citizens of Germany, divided into two countries, from flowing out to the west as the Cold War continued after the Second World War. It was

In 1989, the movement for democratization among East German citizens increased, and the wall was destroyed by the citizens when the leadership at that time admitted freedom of departure.

On the 9th, the 30th anniversary of the collapse of the wall, a memorial ceremony will be held in Berlin, where Prime Minister Merkel, President Steinmeier, and presidents of Eastern Europe will attend.

There are also celebrations in various parts of the city. Among them, the world conductor Barenboim conducts the Beethoven Symphony No. 5 “Fate” under the Berlin State Opera Orchestra in front of the Brandenburg Gate. .

After the collapse of the wall, the unification of the East and West economic gaps in Germany, which has unified, has been reduced, yet the per capita economic production of East Germany is still three-quarters of the West, and wages are only 85%.

Against this backdrop, 57% of people in the former East German region are said to be conscious of “second-class citizens”, and the right-wing political party that continues to make an effort to absorb these dissatisfactions keeps dividing society. The issue is how to resolve it.

57% of the former East German region considers “second-class citizens”

Thirty years have passed since the fall of the Berlin Wall that divided the East and West, but many residents of the former East German region tend to consider themselves “second-class citizens” due to economic disparities and other factors. I understand.

According to the annual report on German reunification compiled by the German government, only 38% of the residents of the former East German region answered that the reunification of East and West was “successful”, and 57% said that “ I understood that I was treated as a “second-class citizen”.

Per capita economic production in the former East German region was only 43% of the former West German region in 1990, just after the reunification of East and West, but expanded to 75% last year. However, the difference still remains.

Last year, the unemployment rate in the former East Germany region was 6.9%, approaching 4.8% in the former West Germany region, but the eastern level remained below the west side when compared to the average wage.

In the former East German region, there is a strong perception among the residents that the east side has been taken into the west, such as the acquisition of companies in the process of German unification, and 90% of the headquarters of large domestic companies are still concentrated in the west The challenge is that the eastern economy remains structurally small.

This situation seems to be the background of the residents' dissatisfaction, and the “wall of mind” still remains 30 years after the fall of the Berlin Wall.

30 years ago in 1989 "Eastern Europe Revolution" ended the Cold War

1989 was a turbulent year when the "Eastern European Revolution" occurred in the eastern camps of Europe under the influence of the Soviet Union.

In Poland under the socialist system, the self-management union “solidarity” that led the democratization movement won the first free election held in June 1989, and in September the first non-Communist Party cabinet in the east Will be born.

In Hungary, democratization was promoted under the reformist prime minister, and in September 1989, the “iron curtain” that officially opened the border with Austria and divided Europe into east and west was the fact. It has disappeared.

On November 9, 1989, the movement accelerated even after the “Berlin Wall”, which was a symbol of the east-west division, collapsed.

The next day, November 10, the long-term government collapsed in Bulgaria.
In Czechoslovakia at that time, large-scale demonstrations seeking democratization occurred every day, and the so-called “velvet revolution” occurred, in which the Communist Party administration collapsed.

In Romania, on the other hand, in December 1989, a large-scale protest against the Cauchesk administration, which established the dictatorship, resulted in deaths and injuries due to clashes with security forces.

Thus, in 1989, a revolution seeking democratization in Eastern European countries was linked in a domino fashion, and in December of that year, President Bush of the United States and Governor General Gorbachev of the Soviet Communist Party met in Malta on the Mediterranean island of Malta Declared the end.

With this, after the Second World War, the era of the hostile forces of the east and west sides that bisected the world ended the end.

Source: nhk

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