Berlin (dpa) - A higher purchase premium for electric cars and more charging stations - these are the core results of the «car summit» Monday night. Politicians and the car industry want to ensure that electric cars make a breakthrough on the mass market and become "suitable for everyday use".
Germany should remain "global leading location for the automotive industry of the future" is the goal. The industry is in a difficult transition. The resolutions of the "Car Summit" in the Chancellery at a glance.
PURCHASE PREMIUM FOR E-CARS:
Customers can expect higher grants when they buy e-cars. The purchase price, which is limited to the end of 2020, is to be significantly increased and extended - according to plans by the end of 2025. The premium introduced more than three years ago has so far fallen short of expectations. The federal government and the auto industry want to take over the costs, as in the past, each in half - for the exact sums there was no information, but it should be billions. The federal government and industry each contribute 600 million euros for the existing premium.
Specifically, the subsidy will increase by 50 percent for e-vehicles up to a net list price of 40,000 euros and 25 percent for more expensive vehicles up to a limit of 65,000 euros. This means that the premium for purely electric cars below a list price of 40,000 euros from currently 4000 euros to 6000 euros - and for cars with a list price over 40,000 euros to 5000 euros. The subsidy should also increase for plug-in hybrids.
Although the number of new registrations of e-cars is rising, but still at a low level. With the higher premium, it will now be possible to promote another 650,000 to 700,000 electric vehicles, said the federal government.
The automakers want to bring in the coming months and years numerous e-cars on the market, even in the mass market. To create the climate targets for 2030, seven to ten million electric cars in Germany will be needed by then, as emerges from a "master plan charging infrastructure" of the Federal Government.
But once the government has set goals, which they then later cashed. By 2020, one million e-cars should already be rolling on the roads, it was said years ago. The government has long ago acknowledged that this goal will be missed. According to the government's "master plan charging infrastructure", about 220,000 electric vehicles were registered in August.
An area-wide charging network is considered a key requirement for the success of e-mobility. There are currently around 21,000 publicly accessible charging points. Especially in the countryside you often have to search for a long time. For many drivers, there is a "range anxiety" - that they can not get to their destination with an electric car, because there are not enough charging stations.
It has now been agreed that 50,000 new public charging points will be created in the next two years - the automotive industry should contribute 15,000 of them. But is that enough? Lower Saxony's prime minister Stephan Weil (SPD) made it clear that he thought that was not enough - he had demanded 100,000 public charging points by 2021 at the latest.
In its climate package, the German government announced that it would create one million public charging points in the long term, and that by 2030. Consumer friendliness is also set to increase: in future, authentication, activation, payment and billing for charging are to be carried out without any problems. Customers should not have to wait long until a station is free.
"We now need the mass effectivity of the mobility of tomorrow," said Transport Minister Andreas Scheuer (CSU) after the summit meeting. The people would have to be excited - many drivers wondered whether e-cars are suitable for everyday use.
The federal government plans to invest more than three billion euros in the expansion of the charging infrastructure in the coming years. In addition, more charging points are to be promoted to customer parking, for example, to supermarkets. At all petrol stations also charging points should be offered.
Another important lever: There should be some relief in tenancy and home ownership law. Essentially, a legal claim is made for homeowners and tenants to build a charging station in an underground car park, for example. So far there are high hurdles for it. However, according to current plans in the government, the new regulations will only enter into force at the end of 2020.
FUTURE OF JOBS:
The German car industry with its hundreds of thousands of employees is currently in the midst of a fundamental shift towards alternative drive systems. Critics say she overslept the transition for a long time and put too much emphasis on internal combustion engines like the diesel. Now billions have to be invested in e-mobility, also in order to be able to comply with stricter EU climate regulations - but for many companies the earnings situation has worsened due to the downturn in the global car markets. So far, this has mainly affected suppliers, there is short-time work and announcements of job cuts.
The Federal Government now wants to examine whether the instruments of short-time working allowance must be "rebuilt or adjusted". Also made to VW Supervisory Weil because he had wished for something more concrete. Central topics of change should also be qualification and further education.
In automated driving and connected mobility, Germany should become a "pioneer", as the results of the top meeting say. The aim is to create swiftly "innovation-friendly" legal and technical framework conditions and to quickly put automated driving functions on the road. By the end of 2021, there should be a comprehensive "data network" mobility.