Berlin (dpa) - The Federal Government wants to promote the nationwide construction of charging points for electric cars and thereby take the economy more in the obligation.
This emerges from a "master plan charging infrastructure" of the Federal Government, which is the German press agency present. The development of publicly accessible charging stations can not be supported by subsidies alone: "Regulatory measures are therefore also considered where demand-driven care is not market-driven." These can be, for example, conditions.
Specifically, these are locations of charging points that will be little hit in the future and are not very economical - but nevertheless of "strategic importance" for the network. For such locations, first of all a state financing is necessary - if necessary then regulatory requirements.
The startup of electromobility requires a "reasonable, consumer-friendly and reliable charging infrastructure," the plan says. This is crucial for the purchasing decision of consumers. "For Germany to remain the leading automobile nation, politics and industry must work hand in hand to speed up the spread of electric vehicles."
For a sufficient charging infrastructure, it would be necessary for the Federal Government to enable a first disproportionate build-up, even with government support. It goes on to say: "In the long term, the development of charging infrastructure must be a task of the economy."
The «master plan» is coordinated in the Federal Government. He is an essential point at a peak meeting on Monday evening in the Chancellery. It will be attended by Chancellor Angela Merkel (CDU), several federal ministers, prime ministers and the leaders of the Union and the SPD - as well as the heads of the VDA, trade unions, car manufacturers and suppliers.
Significantly more electric cars in the coming years are necessary, on the one hand, so that manufacturers can comply with stricter EU climate regulations - and on the other hand, so that Germany complies with the climate targets for 2030. Above all, transport must deliver, since the emissions of the climate-damaging greenhouse gas CO2 in the transport sector have hardly declined since 1990.
To achieve the climate goals, a number of 7 to 10 million electric vehicles by 2030 is considered necessary. According to the master plan, only around 220,000 electric vehicles were registered in Germany in August. There are currently around 21,000 publicly accessible charging points. According to the climate protection program, there should be one million public charging points by 2030.
In order for the expansion of the charging infrastructure to keep pace with the ramp-up of e-mobility, the Federal Government is planning various measures. It is crucial that the consumer is at the center: "He decides whether the existing charging infrastructure is sufficient and meets his requirements and needs. Electromobility will only be a success if the users accept it accordingly. "A charging station should be easy for the consumer to find, and it should not have to wait too long for a free charging point. The pricing should be transparent and comprehensible.
Specifically, it is about targeted funding and improved legal framework. By the end of the year, a National Control Center will be established to coordinate the measures. According to earlier data, by 2023 the government plans to invest more than three billion euros in the tank and charging infrastructure for cars and trucks with CO2-free drives. By 2020, 50 million euros will be provided for private charging for the first time. In addition, more charging points are to be promoted to customer parking, for example, to supermarkets.
A supply requirement should also regulate that charging points are offered at all petrol stations in Germany. In addition, the Ministry of Transport intends to establish by the end of 2020 criteria as to whether and to what extent motorway interchanges require additional charging infrastructure. In addition, as already known, the construction of private charging stations for electric cars is to be facilitated, for example in underground car parks - through changes in residential property law. The new regulations should enter into force by the end of 2020.
According to the "master plan", the auto industry undertakes to set up at least 15,000 charging points on its premises and connected trade. In addition, the construction of 100,000 charging points is targeted by 2030.