Adnan Hussein - Syrian-Turkish border
The so-called SDF withdrew from a number of villages in the axes of Ras al-Ain (north of al-Hasakah) and the city of Tal Abyad (north of Raqqa), as part of the Russian-Turkish agreement to stop the Turkish military operation in northeast Syria, with the deadline for the withdrawal of these forces near Of the region.
The Syrian regime forces deployed near these areas; causing clashes between the Syrian National Army on the one hand and elements of the Syrian regime on the other southeast of Ras al-Ain and southwest of the city of Tal Abyad.
The withdrawal from those villages - according to a military source from the opposition forces - huge reinforcements of the regime forces on the fronts of the cities of Tel Rifaat, Manbij, Ain al-Arab, rural Raqqa and Hasaka, according to local and military sources for the island Net.
The Syrian regime has reinforced its forces with three new columns with armored vehicles distributed on the axes of the safe zone to be established in accordance with international agreements between Turkey and the United States on the one hand, and Russia and Turkey on the other.
Clashes erupted between the SDF and regime forces on the one hand, and the Syrian National Army on the other hand, southeast of the city of Ras al-Ain since Monday and continue until the moment, and sporadic clashes resulted in the national army's control of 15 villages, and more in the south-east axis, reaching north Tal Tamr town, where Syrian regime forces are stationed.
The National Army was able to capture a group of regime forces, including a lieutenant officer, south of Ras Al-Ain, as well as fighter families of the Syrian Democratic Forces in the eastern axis, after the National Army took control of the villages of Al-Asadiya, Abu Rasin, Talha, the strategic and Tal Mohammed and Tal Al-Ward and Tal Shu'air (east of Ras Al-Ain). The National Army also took control of the village of Al-Arisha, Al-Ahras, Tal Al-Taweel, Tawil Al-Wakaa, Al-Ameriya and Al-Salamasah on M4 International Road, west of Tal Tamr town.
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Try to restore villages
A military source from the opposition forces told Al-Jazeera Net that despite the cessation of the operation "spring of peace", the Syrian Democratic Forces and the Syrian regime launched dozens of attacks during the past days, and tried to restore several villages, most notably in the vicinity of the city of Ras al-Ain, which resulted in deaths and injuries on both sides.
The source pointed out that the SDF withdrew only from points that are not essentially front lines, while its forces massively mobilized in Darbasiyah and Amuda and around the city of Ain al-Arab and near the town of Ain Issa, hiding the flag of the Syrian regime, which puts us in direct confrontation with the forces. The regime and the SDF, and indeed we managed to kill and capture groups of them during the previous hours. "
On the south-eastern Tal Abyad axis and north of Ain Issa; after two days of clashes with SDF forces and the Syrian regime, the villages of Sheikh Abdi, Khafiya, Al-Jada, Khirbet Al-Faras, Marizan, Freihan and Sheikh Rahman from the western side of Tel Abyad, and the villages where the Syrian regime deployed The village of Sleep Mehran located on the Turkish border, Ahmadiyya and Black Jarn.
On the southern axis of Tall Abyad and northeast of Ain Issa, the national army took control of the village of Kormaza north, Kormaza Central, Abu Kharaza and Al Burghul village north of Ain Issa city, reaching the villages of Big Buqa and Little Buqa east of Ain Issa, near the international road M4 and cutting the road by firing.
According to Syrian researcher and writer Zakaria Mallahfaji, it is clear that there are many messages, most notably the deployment of Syrian regime forces and the Lebanese Hezbollah militia, as well as the visit of the delegation of the Grand Mufti Ahmed Hassoun to al-Hasakah and al-Qamishli, considering that these letters are an attempt to legitimize the regime's presence there in agreement with the SDF.
Civilians, whether in the SDF-controlled areas or in opposition-controlled areas east of the Euphrates, are watching for what will happen as the deadline for the withdrawal of SDF forces from the area expires.
The people of those areas of the island Net they are pinning hopes on the movement of the opposition and the Turkish army and control of the region, especially with the arrival of the regime to the area, but they fear that the inability of these forces to complete the establishment of the safe zone, and thus return to the first square under the control of the Assad regime and return to the circle of death, death and displacement .
Other residents, especially Kurds, fear that Turkish and Syrian opposition forces will enter and repeat what happened when they entered the city of Afrin, for example, and the campaign that accompanied them came to kill them.
Turkish forces and the national army appear to have completed the first phase of the peace process agreed upon between Turkey and the United States by taking control of all US-agreed areas, from east Ras al-Ain to the west of Tel Abyad, 120 kilometers long and 32 kilometers deep.
Reinforcements and tunneling
Regarding the Turkish-Russian agreement, opposition sources say that the SDF did not fulfill the demands of the Russian forces. On the contrary, they increased their positions in Manbij and Ain al-Arab east of north Aleppo, al-Qamishli and Tal Tamr north of al-Hasakah.
"We are closely monitoring the movements on the ground, and we have never seen a withdrawal from the areas agreed to by the SDF," said Syrian National Army spokesman Major Yusuf Hamoud of Al-Jazeera Net. .
Hamoud stressed that the failure to implement the agreement will have consequences on the ground soon, refusing to make any further statements.
Abdul Wahhab Assi, a researcher at the Jusoor Center for Studies, said Turkey wanted to establish a 440-kilometer-long, 32-kilometer-long safe zone, with the task of overseeing, supervising, and implementing the national security interests and concerns.
He pointed out that Ankara had previously rejected offers from the United States to carry out these tasks jointly, at least in the depth of ten kilometers, but international pressure before and during the peace process led them to accept the principle of joint guarantee in the establishment of the safe area, and only a single guarantee on the areas that dominated By the Turkish and Syrian national armies.
"Of course, Turkey will not abandon the military option and return to it unless the joint guarantee of security interests and security concerns leads, and there is an official threat to reject any action that would circumvent the conditions accepted by Turkey to establish a safe zone with Russia."