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The Swedish Academy of Sciences announced that John Godinov of the University of Texas, Stanley Whittingham of the University of Binghamton and New York, and Akira Yoshino of the University of Mijo, Japan, have won the 2019 Nobel Prize in Chemistry for their innovation and development of lithium-ion batteries.
Lithium-ion batteries are a huge scientific and technical revolution that has allowed us to accumulate a large amount of energy in small areas, which has allowed the development of smartphones, laptops and electric cars that many hope will one day replace cars that use environmentally friendly fossil fuels.
Research work on the use of lithium began to make batteries since the seventies in the last century, it is a light element and easily lose its electrons, which makes an excellent opportunity, but the problem has always been related to the large capacity of lithium to interact with its surroundings, which may cause damage or explosion of the battery, so The main goal has always been to develop a safe battery, which had already happened by 1991.
|The moment of the announcement of the three winners of the Nobel Chemistry Prize 2019 (Reuters)|
But the problem facing the Nobel Prize in a scientific field is that it is awarded only to a maximum of three people, who are often the most productive in the field of research, and yet the history of the development of lithium batteries contains more high-end minds, such as Moroccan-French Rashid Mandatory.
In the 1980s, Al-Yazmi helped integrate lithium with graphite to produce what is now known as "lithium-graphite anode", which is used in rechargeable lithium-ion batteries and commercially used around the world in a market of about $ 158 billion.
In 1971, Yazmi earned his bachelor's degree in Morocco.He then moved to the Grenoble Institute of Technology in France.He then completed his Ph.D.
Al-Yazmi has published more than 250 papers in his field, which is listed in 70 well-known patents, all of which are in the field of lithium batteries, such as a carbon-lithium fluoride battery used in aerospace and medical applications. And NASA.
He also received prestigious awards in his field in partnership with the recipients of the Nobel Chemistry 2019, for example in 2014 he received the Draper Award from the National Academy of Engineering with John Godinov and Akira Yoshino.