The so-called Climate Cabinet of the Federal Government has presented its package of measures for climate protection. On Friday afternoon, the leaders of the CDU, CSU and SPD appeared in front of the press in Berlin. Previously, the coalition committee had agreed after a night meeting on key points.
The Climate Paper, which can be viewed online, provides, among other things, for the price of the climate gas carbon dioxide: "The Federal Government will introduce a CO2 price for the sectors of transport and heat from 2021," it states. The price should not come from a tax but from trading in certificates. According to the paper, the price of one tonne of CO2 from 2021 should be ten euros per tonne and then rise annually to 25 euros by 2025.
The measures are intended to ensure that Germany reaches its self-assured climate protection goals for the year 2030, Chancellor Angela Merkel (CDU) emphasized at the press conference. "We are not sustainable today," she said. It bothers them that Germany will probably miss its climate targets for 2020. That should not happen again in ten years.
"It is not, so we do something ideological here"
The fact that the planned CO2 price will start lower than demanded by many Merkel called a "compromise". The funding programs should first take effect before the burden reaches. As a scientist, she is impressed by environmental activist Greta Thunberg's demand, Unite behind the science : "It's not so we're doing something ideological here," she said. There are massive evidences that climate protection is necessary.
In order to prevent Germany from failing to meet its goals again, the coalition wants to continue to meet regularly to form the so-called Climate Cabinet and to advise experts on progress in climate protection. Overall, the climate pact will have a financial volume of 54 billion euros by 2023, said Finance Minister and Vice Chancellor Olaf Scholz (SPD). At the same time, the coalitioners committed to a balanced budget.
The leaders of the grand coalition welcome the agreements: "This coalition is sending a loud signal for more climate protection," said CSU party leader Alexander Dobrindt. "What we do here secures jobs," said Olaf Scholz. The coalition takes the path of reason, said CSU boss Markus Söder.
Among other things, the coalitioners have agreed:
- From 2025, the installation of new oil heaters should be banned. Whoever replaces his old oil heater with a more climate-friendly model should be subsidized with up to 40 percent of the costs.
- As a relief for the CO2 price the commuter commuter tax is to increase by five cents per kilometer. From 2021 onward, 35 cents instead of 30 cents will be deducted from the tax per distance kilometer.
- Companies and consumers should also be relieved of the expected high electricity prices. For the EEG levy from 2021 "fall gently". This levy was once created to promote green electricity.
- The VAT on long-distance train tickets is reduced - from 19 to seven percent. At the same time, the railways are to receive more money from the federal government between 2020 and 2030: one billion euros per year. The purpose of the capital increase is for the Group to modernize, expand and electrify its rail network, among other things. The motor vehicle tax for new vehicles should be based more closely on CO2 emissions as of a key date.