The employment rate of immigrants in the OECD reached 68.3% in 2018. This comes to wring the "perception" that migrants would take "the jobs of workers" but hide large disparities according to the countries.

The employment rate of immigrants in the OECD has risen to 68.3% in 2018, the organization said in a report released on Wednesday, which bends the neck to the "perception" that migrants "take jobs from local workers.

France bad student

"Immigrant employment prospects continued to improve in 2018, continuing the positive trend of the last five years," writes the Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) in its report on migration. international. On average, their employment rate of 68.3% is now only 2.4 percentage points behind that of "native-born", while the unemployment rate has fallen from 9.4% to 8%. , 7% between 2017 and 2018.

A trend that masks strong disparities. France, for example, is one of the OECD's worst performers, with an unemployment rate of 14.6% among migrants. As for the employment rate, 58.5%, only Mexico, Turkey and Belgium do less well. An even more delicate situation when it comes to "recent immigrants", for whom "no change in employment is observed" in France, where their employment rate is 40%.

"Temporary labor migration" pulls results up

The overall improvement is driven by "temporary labor migration", which "increased strongly in 2017" to reach 4.9 million people (+ 11%). In this respect, Poland is still a driving force for the OECD. "The first OECD estimates show that temporary migrants make a significant contribution to employment in many countries, and in six out of 20 countries they contribute 2% or more to the total employed population of the country. 'home', says the OECD.

The situation is particularly striking for Switzerland and Luxembourg, where "temporary labor migrants are the most numerous in relation to the total population": respectively 9% and 65%. "There is a common perception among the public that immigration is unmanageable and expensive, expensive because it is assumed that immigrants take the jobs of native-born workers, or benefit from social benefits", writes Stefano Scarpetta, Director Employment, Labor and Social Affairs, in the introduction to the report. "Many analyzes clearly show that there is little evidence to support these views," he said, saying that migration "can bring economic and social benefits to countries of destination."

In reverse of its neighbors, France sees its asylum application increase

Another OECD finding is that asylum demand in the OECD countries, including the United States, the main destination of asylum seekers, continues to decline. But not in Spain or France, which experienced the strongest progress in 2018. The ebb is "partially offset by an increase in Spain (+22,300) and France (+19,000)," the report said.

With nearly 110,000 applications, France ranked 4th in 2018 according to the OECD, just behind Turkey (116,000) and Germany (162,000).