Berlin (dpa) - Climate change exacerbates problems with the water supply and increases the vulnerability of societies.
In extreme natural events such as a flood or a hurricane, disaster is more likely to occur in countries with poor water supplies, the 2019 World Risk Report published in Berlin states.
"Especially in developing countries, politics must act urgently and give all households secure access to clean water," said Peter Mucke, Managing Director of Bündnis Entwicklung Hilft, for publication. "After extreme natural events, the water supply must be quickly restored to ensure survival and prevent the spread of disease."
Especially poor people often lack their own water connection in the household. You would have to pay fees at public water points. The poorest often paid the most for water, says Mucke.
The three countries with the highest catastrophe risk are the tropical island states of Vanuatu, Antigua and Barbuda and Tonga. Germany is ranked 163th out of 180 with a very low risk. Overall, the catastrophe risk is particularly high in Oceania, Southeast Asia, Central America and West and Central Africa.
"For the first time since 2012, new data could be used for endangering extreme natural phenomena," explained Katrin Radtke, scientific director of the report. For Vanuatu and Tonga, the threat has increased further.
The World Risk Report has been published annually since 2011 by the Bündnis Entwicklung Hilft and the Institute for Peacekeeping Law and International Humanitarian Law of the Ruhr University Bochum. The World Risk Index was developed in collaboration with the United Nations University Institute for Environment and Human Security.
World Risk Report 2019