Berlin (dpa) - It is not a year ago, as it was said: no doubt about the cleanliness of modern diesel. Not the car industry said that, but the ecologically oriented traffic club Germany (VCD), as he submitted his annual car environmental list.
On Wednesday now appeared a special edition: only with electric cars. The club does not want to know much more about diesel and pure gasoline.
"Every car with an internal combustion engine that comes on the road today will emit climate-damaging carbon dioxide for the next 15 years," said transport spokesman Michael Müller-Görnert. "That's why the exit for gasoline and diesel must now take place."
And in the meantime, the offer is actually growing for buyers. The German carmakers boast: "Our manufacturers and suppliers are investing 40 billion euros in electromobility in the next three years; they will quintuple their range of e-models to 150 by 2023."
The "ADAC Motorwelt" already headlines: "Finally affordable and suitable for everyday use". The carmakers were now serious about the electric car - even if they had not yet said goodbye to the development of big "PS monsters".
But one still sees only a few electric cars on the road, 200,000 out of 47 million are, the VCD notes disillusioned. Reasons to look at the new environmental list: Most e-cars are still relatively expensive, and fully electric one comes with a battery charge still not as far as with a tank. From 200 to 450 kilometers, the span ranges.
But the list is very incomplete, only 19 models are on it, the VW eGolf and the BMW i3 as the only German brands. According to VCD, many manufacturers provided either no data or unrealistic. Next week, the customers will probably ask exactly: Then begins in Frankfurt, the International Motor Show (IAA).
The auto industry is under pressure. The socio-political environment has changed, noted Bernhard Mattes, President of the German Association of the Automotive Industry (VDA), these days. Protesters want to protest in Frankfurt against climate damage by driving.
There are threats of penalties for inflated carbon dioxide levels. By 2030, the industry in Germany wants to bring 7 to 10.5 million e-cars on the roads in order to comply with the limits. But behind gleaming new electric cars in the front row, heavy SUVs and sports cars with burners will be in Frankfurt again.
Especially the sport utility vehicles (SUV) meet the taste of customers: In August, they were the strongest segment in the registration statistics for the first time, as the Federal Motor Transport Authority announced on Wednesday. With a market share of a good 22 percent, they displaced the previously leading compact cars in the Golf class. In addition, there are ten percent conventional SUVs - the Germans are buying more and more large and heavy cars.
E-car sales are up, but still at a low level. According to official data, in the first half of 2019 not even one out of 50 newly registered cars drove exclusively with battery. In every 18th new car, an electric motor supports the combustor.
There were no charging points, the manufacturers argue. Nationwide there are about 20,650 public and partially public charging points, as the Federal Association of Energy and Water (BDEW) has counted. One million would be needed, says the VDA.
In addition, long delivery times slow down the e-car sales, as the VCD states. Who buys a pure battery car, can get a grant of 4000 euros, in hybrid cars, it is 3000 euros. Nevertheless, e-cars will remain much more expensive in the coming years, the VCD is certain. The running costs would be with 1.30 euros per kilometer only slightly under the gasoline engine (1.60 euros), not to mention the diesel. On the other hand: no vehicle tax and lower maintenance and repair costs.
"So far, e-cars are paying off quickly, especially if they have a small battery, consume little power, are often driven and if you can use a cheap charging option," concludes the VCD - for commuters, for example, 50 to 70 kilometers per day drive and load at home or at work.
Even his "ecological backpack" puts an e-car slowly. "Battery production requires large amounts of energy and raw materials, such as cobalt from the Congo or lithium from Bolivia," the environmental list authors admit. "Emissions are also generated during the production of the charging current."
In city traffic, the e-car after 40,000 kilometers is the least harmful to climate variant, on the highway only after 140,000 kilometers, as it is called with reference to a study by the Heidelberg Institute for Environment and Energy. Prerequisite: The share of green electricity in the grid is increasing as planned.
"In the duty are not only automakers and politicians, but each and every one," adds VCD spokesman Müller-Görnert. People would have to walk more, cycle, use bus and train. Emission-free cars are just a supplement.
KBA approval balance 1st half
VDA to the IAA
BDEW about charging stations
VCD press releases
KBA registration numbers August 2019