The CDU wants to set climate protection apparently on a mix of CO2 certificates trading, relief in electricity prices, promotional incentives and higher prices for CO2 emissions. According to the German Press Agency, this is preceded by an internal working paper of the CDU leadership for a national climate consensus. Also the CSU-Landesgruppe votes on Tuesday on a climate protection conceptab, which envisages, among other things, an increase in CO2 emissions in traffic and heating.
Thus, the Union concretises its plans for climate protection two and a half weeks before the landmark meeting of the Climate Cabinet. At the meeting of the Climate Cabinet on September 20, the federal government wants to pass a Climate Protection Act. Participants include the ministries of environment, economics, finance, transport, construction, agriculture and the Chancellor. With a series of events titled "Workshop Talk", the Union intends to prepare for the climate cabinet meeting in the coming weeks. By 20 September, a common concept of the Union should exist.
Flying should be more expensive
As the paper notes, the CDU wants to create financial incentives for climate-friendly behavior. It may not be that those who act ecologically, such as traveling by train or using a car with an ecological drive, count on it. "We want environmental protection to pay off financially for those who behave according to this principle: if you save CO2, you can drive better," it says. Instead, the paper proposes to raise the prices for airline tickets. "The costs and burdens of a flight must also be reflected in the ticket price, which is why we also need measures against so-called dumping prices," it states. Recently, the CDU has criticized the demand of Minister of the Environment Svenja Schulze (SPD) for higher air fares.
The CSU is also planning measures against dumping prices in aviation. In addition, the CSU state group wants to make fossil fuels expensive through a national trade in CO2 emission rights, as the world reported. In contrast, Federal Environment Minister Schulze proposed an increase in the energy tax. "Trading in emission certificates has already proven itself in the energy and industrial sectors," the world quoted from the CSU concept. Such a system would also introduce the CSU on a national level in the areas of transport and buildings, which are not covered by emissions trading.
At EU level, the energy industry and parts of the industry must already purchase certificates for every tonne of CO2 they emit. Their number is limited to curb the emission of greenhouse gases. Unlike the EU rules, however, the CSU wants to limit the maximum price for allowances by a cap. If all the companies concerned offer the maximum price, the number of emission rights should be increased through "national and international afforestation projects".
CSU wants maximum price for CO2 emission rights
Union faction vice Georg Nüßlein (CSU) said he could imagine a certificates trading for traffic and buildings only with such a maximum price: "Everything else is incalculable in its social and economic consequences." The maximum price should be at the level of what industry and energy producers paid in EU trade. Currently, the price is around 27 euros. However, many experts consider the price to be too low to be sustainable. According to this, higher costs are needed in the areas of transport and buildings in order to control the behavior of companies and consumers.
To the further demands of the CSU belongs accordingly to promote the climate-friendly refurbishment of buildings for tax. For inherited houses this is to happen, by being exempt from inheritance tax. In addition, the Pendlerpauschale should increase and thereby reduce the VAT on train tickets in the field from 19 to seven percent. The motor vehicle tax should in the future be based on CO2 emissions instead of cubic capacity as in the past, and the purchase price for electric vehicles should rise.
On non-fossil fuels such as biogas or biofuel should the energy tax drops, the world continues to report. Flights under 50 euros should be taxed higher. For savers, there should also be an "environmental bond" with a guaranteed return of two percent to collect money for the many mitigation measures. All of these proposals had already been made public by top politicians of the CSU, many coincide with plans of the SPD.
The Federal Government had founded the Climate Cabinet in the spring to discuss how Germany can achieve its climate protection goal yet. Among other things, Germany must reduce its CO2 emissions by 55% by 2030 compared to 1990 levels. However, Germany is currently well behind its own and internationally binding goals in the fight against global warming.
The SPD also links the continued existence of the grand coalition in the league with advances in climate policy. The Social Democrats have already come up with a concept. On Monday night, coalition leaders held talks in the Chancellor's office for five hours, with results unknown.