Berlin (dpa) - The current calendar sheet for September 1, 2019:
35th calendar week, 244th day of the year 121 days remaining until the end of the year Zodiac sign: Virgo Name day: Ägidius, Verena
2018 - By increasing the tobacco tax by 12.5 percent in Australia, the 20-pack of cigarettes costs the equivalent of about 16.80 euros - more than anywhere else in the world.
2017 - After eight years of construction, the world's most powerful X-ray laser goes into operation in Hamburg. For detailed images of molecules and cells, 27,000 flashes are generated per second in a 3.4-kilometer-long tunnel.
2014 - In a dispute in the tax office Rendsburg a tax consultant shoots an official in his office. He is sentenced to life imprisonment for murder.
2009 - For the most important companies of the trade and tourism giant Arcandor the Essen district court opens the insolvency procedure.
2004 - 32 gunmen attack a school in the north Ossetian city Beslan and take more than 1,100 hostages. The storm of security forces two days later killed more than 360 people, including 186 children and 31 of the terrorists.
1999 - Deutsche Bank 24 is launched as an independent branch and online subsidiary of Deutsche Bank. In 2002, it will be integrated again.
1969 - Paragraph 175 of the Criminal Code, defused by the Social-Liberal Government, comes into force. Sex among adult men over 21 is no longer punishable. The § 175 will be canceled without compensation until 1994.
1949 - The German Press Agency dpa starts broadcasting in Hamburg.
1939 - With the attack of German troops on Poland begins the Second World War.
1989 - Bill and Tom Kaulitz (30), German pop musicians, members of the band Tokio Hotel («Through the monsoon»)
1979 - Katja Benrath (40), German director ("Watu Wote / All of Us") and actress
1942 - António Lobo Antunes (77), Portuguese writer («Passions of the soul»)
1939 - Lily Tomlin (80), American actress («Big Business»)
1854 - Engelbert Humperdinck, German composer (opera "Hansel and Gretel"), died in 1921
2014 - Gottfried John, German actor ("James Bond 007 - Goldeneye", "Berlin Alexanderplatz"), b. 1942
1159 - Pope Hadrian IV., Term of office 1154-1159, first and so far only English pope, geb. around 1110/1120