Nuremberg / Berlin (dpa) - learned is learned: Klaus David has opened the dashboard of a locomotive, cables and contacts look out, David checks the tension. The electrician is working on the lighting.
"Up to 250 meters of cable are used for the LED conversion of such a locomotive," explains David in the Nuremberg railway. He knows the vehicles exactly, he has been working for the railroad for 49 years. Actually, David is already retired. But he continues - as always more pensioners in Germany.
From the turn of the millennium until 2018, according to the Federal Ministry of Labor, the number of employed pensioners rose from 530,000 to 1.445 million. Every twelfth earner earns something in retirement today.
Since the beginning of last year Klaus also retired. But on a few days a month, the 64-year-old continues to work, at six in the morning. He does 24 hours a month, equips vehicles with lighting and air conditioning, and checks pantographs. "First and foremost, I wanted to increase my pension," explains the trained electrician. It was convenient for David that the boss asked him to continue.
The railway calls around 500 colleagues who remain on board as pensioners. The company wants to secure its knowledge and experience longer. The shortage of skilled workers is not only felt by the state-owned company. Pensioners jump for lifeguards in outdoor pools, so they do not have to close. They carry newspapers or just stay in their old jobs. According to the Federal Employment Agency, pensioners are now the largest group of people with 450 Euro jobs.
In the first three years after retirement, almost one out of every three women works a little more often than men. This has been determined by the Institute for Employment Research on the basis of a survey. In order to secure skilled workers, people form a "significant activation potential", either briefly or in retirement, according to the in-house institute of the Federal Employment Agency.
Retirees are sought after. The state of Berlin has just brought back 250 teachers from the pension because otherwise staff is missing. The East German railway company has been vying for retirees for months. They should control trains and operate in the service - but so far, according to company information, no one has applied.
"About 90 percent of working pensioners all enjoy working, need contact with other people or still want a job," says the IAB, the most important survey results. A good half of the men and just under two-thirds of the women also said that they needed the money.
The Ministry of Labor expects that more pensioners will work in the future because life plans have changed and the Baby Boomer generation is now getting older. Social organizations, on the other hand, repeatedly point to the level of pensions, which in many cases are considered too low.
Every second retirement pension is less than 900 euros a month, as the federal government recently announced. The monthly household income is usually higher. According to the Pension Insurance Report 2018, married couples in single-person households in 2015 had a net income of € 2572 in the West and € 2257 in East Germany. Single persons are each 900 to 1100 euros less.
"I know a lot of people doing a job on the side," says electrician David. "As long as the health participates, I like to do it." David will be 65th next month. That does not mean work is over yet, and his 50th anniversary is in sight. He thinks he can then earn more on the pension. With the next annual contract he wants to increase his number of hours.
Bahn Press Releases
Pension Insurance Report 2018