India has lifted the special status for the troubled region of Kashmir in the constitution. The Interior Minister Amit Shah announced in parliament. According to him, a corresponding presidential decree immediately comes into force.
According to Minister Shah, Article 370 of the Indian Constitution is to be canceled without replacement. This guaranteed the affected state of Jammu and Kashmir so far autonomy rights, which should no longer apply.
More troops, house arrest and curfews
The decision could create massive tensions in the majority Muslim region in the Himalayas, which is also claimed by Pakistan. India news agency AFP has reported that tens of thousands of additional soldiers have been sent to the area in recent days, citing security circles.
In addition, authorities in the Indian part of the troubled area imposed curfews in the regional capital of Srinagar and surrounding areas. Internet services were blocked, the mobile network and the landline switched off. According to AFP, several regional politicians have been placed under house arrest. The agency cited residents of Srinagar, according to which, in parts of the regional capital numerous soldiers to see and shots were heard.
The exact reasons for the curfews were initially unclear. On Sunday, the Indian Army said Pakistani soldiers and militiamen had attempted to cross the demarcation line in Kashmir. The attempt was repulsed, five to seven attackers had been killed.
"This is the time to mediate"
Pakistan rejected the information and asked the US for mediation in the conflict. "President Donald Trump offered to mediate in Kashmir, which is the time to do so," tweeted Prime Minister Imran Khan, who visited the White House in July, on Sunday. The situation has deteriorated, due to "new aggressive actions by the Indian occupation forces". "This has the potential to rock into a regional crisis."
Both India and Pakistan claim Kashmir for themselves. Since their independence from Britain in 1947, the two nuclear powers have waged war against each other three times. Kashmir is now divided, a demarcation line to prevent direct fighting, but hardly succeed.
A few months ago, India had flown attacks on Pakistani territory - for the first time since the 1971 war. The Luftwaffe attack, according to the New Delhi government, was a training camp run by a group of Islamists named Jaish-e-Mohammad, who killed 40 people in the India controlled part of Kashmir for itself. According to Pakistan, however, there are no such Islamist camps in the area.