In order to better protect against fraud on the Internet, you must follow a number of simple recommendations, experts Roskachestvo. In particular, it is worth sticking the camera and microphone of the laptop so that malware or hackers will not receive information about the user.

“If you don’t want to become a victim of a cybercriminal, besides the fact that an anti-virus and updated software must be installed on your computer, you should still stick a camera and a microphone on demand. This will increase your chances of privacy and tranquility, "- said in a statement on the organization's website.

Caution should be exercised in relation to smartphones, experts say Roskachestvo. According to them, the devices collect information about the owner. Subsequently, the collected data is used for personalized advertising.

At first glance, applications such as an instant messenger that recognizes and analyzes speech for their own purposes, or a flashlight, can “spy” on users, ”the organization says.

Roskokachestvo advises to be very careful about the permissions that request applications.

“We are forced to state that, indeed, the gluing of the camera and microphone is no longer paranoia, but one of the rules of“ digital hygiene, ”said Ilya Loevsky, deputy head of Roskachestvo.

Aleksandr Vlasov, an expert in the field of security, said that not providing anyone with information about himself on the Internet is the most important point among Roskachestvo’s councils.

“Do not follow any links to unknown sites because malicious programs may be distributed there. Do not buy (if you use online stores) products by reference, it is better to go to the manufacturer’s website, make sure that the manufacturer really sells it and not the front company, and only then pay. Behave in the same way with online money as you would with ordinary money, ”the specialist said in an interview with RT.

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Edward Snowden, a former employee of the National Security Agency (NSA) of the United States, advised to stick a camera to protect himself from cyber-tracking. Recall, in 2013, Snowden revealed the facts of large-scale surveillance of the NSA for US citizens.

In addition, he recommended not to use one password for several sites, so that when hacking a single attacker did not get access to all at once, and to install an ad blocker and antivirus programs. However, Snowden noted that such measures will help from hackers, but not from the special services.

“This will not help against the US National Security Agency,” he admitted.

He also urged to use free software for speech coding in order not to become a victim of wiretapping.

In May, VTsIOM experts reported that among Russians, “positive expectations from the development of the Internet have declined.”

“Between 2000 and 2018, Russians also decreased positive expectations from the development of the Internet. The share of Russians who believe that the threats from the Internet has increased since 2000 first fell from 36% to 24%, and after 2013 it began to grow. Today it has exceeded the initial level, reaching 39%. Trend is the growth of risks and fears associated with the development of the Internet, less positive expectations, ”said Valery Fedorov, General Director of VTsIOM.

At the same time, people still do not fully understand the seriousness of the threat, said Deputy Chairman of the State Duma Committee on Information Policy, Information Technology and Communications Andrei Svintsov.

“Few people will stick a camera or microphone, even fewer people will understand what kind of access this or that application has. Everyone in the smartphone probably has 50 different applications, ”he told RT.

“In the near future with the transition to a larger format of digital services - of course, we all, both deputies and ordinary citizens, should completely reconsider their attitude to digital security. Cybersecurity education should start at school, because almost every student has a smartphone, many pay for their breakfast in schools, make purchases over the Internet. Cyber ​​security is one of the most important issues that needs to be constantly developed, ”the expert believes.

However, the authorities are taking steps in this direction. In early July, the Federation Council announced that a “roadmap” of a digital code was being drafted, which would introduce legislation and terms related to cybersecurity.

“Now the same phenomena are called differently: cyber attack, DoS attack, information attack, infection, and so on. So our goal is to find out what “cyber danger” and “cyber security” are, and to enter into the legislative field the same clear and understandable definitions, ”the Parliamentary newspaper quotes the words of first deputy chairman of the Federation Council Committee on Defense and Security Vladimir Kozhin.